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Antigua and Barbuda

Tri-coloured Heron Egretta tricolor ©Robert Royse Website

Antigua and Barbuda is an island nation located on the eastern boundary of the Caribbean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean. As its name suggests, it consists of two major islands – Antigua and Barbuda – as well as a number of smaller islets. All are close neighbours within the middle of the Leeward Islands and roughly 17 degrees north of the equator.

Antigua has a population of 82,000, comprised chiefly of a mixture of people of West African, British and Portuguese descent. The islands of Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago. To the south of Antigua and Barbuda lie the islands of Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados, Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago. Montserrat lies to the southwest; Saint Kitts and Nevis and Saint Eustatius are to the west, and Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin and Anguilla are to the northwest.



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 133

National Bird: Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

Checklist of the Birds of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire: South Caribbean

By TG Prins, JH Reuter, AO Debrot, J Wattel & V Nijman | Netherlands Ornithologist Union | 2009 | Hardback | 268 pages, maps, colour photos |

ISBN: #187100

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The Birds of the West Indies

By Herbert Raffaele, James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith & Janis Raffaele | Christopher Helm | 2003 Paperback | 216 pages, 92 colour plates, 181 colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 0713654198

Buy this book from NHBS.com


Abbreviations Key

Frigate Bird Sanctuary


Satellite View

The sanctuary is situated in Codrington Lagoon and can only be visited by boat. Tickets can be purchased at the wharf, but you must arrange a tour with a local boatperson in advance.

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2010 [11 November] - Chris Grimshaw


Our holiday was based at the Jolly Beach resort just outside Jolly Harbour which is not too far from the Island’s capital, St Johns. It wasn’t a birdwatching holiday as such but I did take every opportunity that I could to go off and do some. My binoculars went virtually everywhere with me but early on in the stay I had a problem with the focus wheel on my scope…

2011 [04 April] - Tony & Ruth Payne - Galley Bay Area


We had a week’s holiday at Galley Bay, which is situated to the west of the Antiguan capital St. John’s on the Five Islands peninsula. Galley Bay has its own large brackish lagoon which is within the hotel grounds and therefore fairly inaccessible to the wandering birder….

2015 [12 December] - Wilton Farrelly

PDF Report

Birds seen included Lesser Antillean Bullfinch, Nutmeg Mannikin, Antillean Crested Hummingbird and Carib Grackle. Also new for the trip was a Lesser Black-backed Gull, two Gull Billed Terns, Tricolored Heron, Sharp-shinned Hawk and Collared Dove

2016 [04 April] - Jesse FaganLesser Antilles


10 islands, 14 days, 14 flights, 8 hotels, 1 visit to the emergency room, drive on the right, drive on the left,...you get the picture. It requires a lot of action and movement to see these birds! And see them we did. It was another successful island-hopping adventure this year, and the logistics worked out fine on this logistically complicated tour. Even island time seemed faster. Mark recovered in fine fashion. And we also got all the potential endemics!

Places to Stay

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Antigua Hotels & Resorts


Antigua Yepton Beach Resort


Yepton Beach Resort is located on a 37 acre estate, bordered to the North by the turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea and a quarter mile white sandy beach. Rolling hills and a lagoon that offers sanctuary to pelicans, egrets, blue and white herons, and many other exotic birds and fish, make up the South border.

Other Links

Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus


This is the commonest hummingbird of the islands. The larger Green-throated hummingbird has no crest. In Antigua, the name Doctor Brushy is given.

Barbuda & Antigua On-line Tourist Guide


There are several salt ponds where it is possible to see a great variety of bird life, and in the lagoon the most spectacular of all the birds, the rare Magnificent Frigate bird has a colony of approximately two thousand birds, one of the largest in the world.