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Commonwealth of The Bahamas

Caribbean Dove Leptotila jamaicensis ©Anthony Hepburn

The Bahamas is an archipelago of some 700 islands (9 main islands) and over 2,000 rocks and cays (pronounced keys). It lies 50 miles east of Florida, and extends some 600 miles southeastward, covering roughly 100,000 square miles of land and sea. There was no volcanic activity involved in the formation of the Bahamas; the islands are composed of sedimentary, marine limestone rock in the form of oolitic limestone and coralgal deposits. The Bahamas' primary stages of formation as sandbanks, separated by deep canyons occurred as early as 170 million years ago; however, the islands that exist today are relatively young, in the ballpark of 100,000 years old.

Owing to its vast geographic coverage, including large expanses of deep-water ocean, the Bahamas chain is comprised of many vegetative zones –pine forest, arid coastal scrub, tropical hammock (or coppice); and mangrove estuary. Long known for endless ribbons of pink sand beaches, vast coral reef systems, and relaxed, island atmosphere – the Bahamas hosts a wide variety of migratory and resident bird species.

Bahamas Endemics and Specialty Species
Over 300 species have been recorded in the Bahamas - 109 breed in the islands and are either summer visitors or residents, 169 are migrants that pass through as transients are stay on as winter residents, and 45 are vagrants that have only occurred a few times. Included in these are three endemic species – Bahama Woodstar, Bahama Yellowthroat, and Bahama Swallow.

Other species of note in the Bahamas are Western Spindalis, Bahama Mockingbird, Key west Quail- Dove and White-cheeked Pintail. Its thousands of square miles of deep-water ocean - situated relatively closely to small, uninhabited rocks and islets - makes much of the Bahamas prime nesting grounds for passing pelagics. One could expect to see in Spring and Summer, White-tailed Tropicbird, Brown Booby, Brown Noddy, Magnificent Frigatebird and various species of tern, including Bridled, Sooty, and Roseate. Although the Bahamas is not known for it's shorebirding, due to the absence of fresh water lakes and streams, it hosts significant numbers of wintering Piping Plover.

Migration Highlights

It's orientation to continental North America puts the Bahamas within the primary movements of both northbound and southbound migration routes to and from the eastern United States. Warblers, shorebirds, and gulls make up the bulk of the migratory species list. The most noteworthy of these is the endangered Kirtland's Warbler. In 2001, on the island of Eleuthera in the Northern/Central Bahamas, local bird expert, Paul Dean of Nassau, sighted 4 Kirtland's warblers. Long suspected to winter in Bahamian pine forest similar to it's breeding habitat in Michigan, this discovery suggests that they prefer arid scrub coppice common to the region.

Top Sites

Abaco National Park


Satellite View

The Abaco National Park is a 25,000 acre preserve protecting the valuable breeding grounds of Amazonis leucocephala bahamensis, an endemic race of the Rose-throated Parrot (formerly Cuban Parrot), which exists on two Islands of the Bahamas – Abaco in the north and Great Inagua in the south. Interestingly enough, the parrots on Abaco nest in holes in the limestone, making them one of two species of ground-nesting parrots in the world (The other is the flightless kakapo of New Zealand – Thanks FatBirder for setting me straight!).

Lake Rosa


Satellite View

Greater Flamingo is the national bird of the Bahamas, and is readily seen in great numbers on Lake Windsor on Great Inagua.

Long Island

Satellite View

Long Island is home to one of the largest regional populations of the endangered West Indian Whistling Duck. They are reported exist in smaller numbers on Andros, Abaco, Cat Island and New Providence]. West Indian Whistling Ducks inhabit remote mangrove wetlands areas, and are difficult to see due to the fact that they are nocturnal, virtually silent, and naturally secretive.

Northern Islands

Two endemic sub-species of woodland warblers – Pine Warbler and Yellow-throated Warbler – inhabit the pine covered Islands of the northern Bahamas, as does the Olive-capped Warbler. The Black-cowled Oriole occurs only on Andros Island in the Northern Bahamas; it has more yellow and a stouter bill than other races of Black-cowled Oriole.


Ron Pagliaro

Abaco Outback Certified Birding Tour Guide

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 324

National Bird: Caribbean Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber


Number of endemics: 3

Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae Bahama Yellowthroat Geothlypis rostrata Bahama Swallow Tachycineta cyaneoviridis


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands

(Aba Birdfinding Guides Ser.) Anthony W. White, Virginia Maynard (Editor) Paperback (June 1998) Amer Birding Assn

ISBN: 1878788167

Buy this book from NHBS.com

A Field Guide to Birds of the West Indies

(Peterson Field Guides) James Bond, Don R. Eckelberry (Illustrator); Arthur B. Singer (Illustrator) Paperback (September 1999) Houghton Mifflin Company

ISBN: 0618002103

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Bahemian and Caribbean Birds

Paperback (28 June, 1995) L.M.H Books

ISBN: 9766250766

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birds of the Bahamas and the Turks & Caicos Islands

Bruce Hallett Series: CARIBBEAN POCKET NATURAL HISTORY SERIES 245 pages, colour photos. Macmillan Caribbean

ISBN: 0333937449

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The Birds of the Southern Bahamas

Donald W Buden - Series: BOU CHECKLISTS 8 - 119 pages, figs, tabs, maps. British Ornithologists' Union 1987

ISBN: 0907446078

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The Birds of the West Indies

By Herbert Raffaele, James Wiley, Orlando Garrido, Allan Keith & Janis Raffaele | Christopher Helm | 2003 Paperback | 216 pages, 92 colour plates, 181 colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 0713654198

Buy this book from NHBS.com


Andros Conservancy and Trust

Facebook Page

To protect, preserve, enhance, and restore the natural resources of Andros Island and its marine environment through education, conservation, and management. ANCAT envisions a future for Andros that embraces and secures our natural environment for the benefit of present and future generations.

Bahamas National Trust


PO Box 4105 Nassau, +242 393 1317 bnt@bahamas.net.bs
Welcome to the Bahamas National Trust, a unique organisation dedicated to protecting our environment. The Trust is active in many areas. These pages highlight our activities and how you can help. Bahamas National Trust (BNT) is the BirdLife Affiliate…

Friends of the Environment


Friends of the Environment needs your support to help us alert visitors and residents to the fragility of the enviroment of Elbow Cay and the waters and cays adjacent to it. Our beautiful reefs, the exceptional diving and fishing and casual charm of Hope Town have attracted an increasing number of visitors over the years. This people-pressure has had an effect on the very things that attracted visitors to our islands…

West End Eco-Fishing Camp Association


WEEFCA P.O. Box F-44585 - Freeport/West End, Grand Bahama Island - Some of the most important lessons children are taught in life were from caring parents, teachers and mentors who passed their knowledge and wisdom on to the next generation...


Abbreviations Key

Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park


Satellite View

Though this park is mostly water, the land is a vital refuge for a small mammal called the hutia, several rare and endangered iguana species and marine birds such as terns and the long-tailed tropicbird that nest high in the bluffs.

Parks of the Bahamas


The Bahamas boasts a massive twelve ecological state-supported national parks in addition to privately owned ecological Meccas. The Bahamian nerve centre for studying ecology and mapping plans for the total enjoyment of nature`s wonders is The Bahamas National Trust first established in 1959. Its headquarters is now an 11-acre garden of rare palms and native Bahamian coppice: one of the largest private collections in the world. His Royal Highness The Prince Philip officially opened The Retreat in October 1985 and the 150-year old house in the gardens now acts as the headquarters.

Rand Nature Centre


Satellite View

The 100-acre sanctuary was the first education nature center to be established in The Islands of The Bahamas and its goal is to preserve the natural Grand Bahamian habitat as a heritage for future generations. Located only minutes from downtown Freeport, the Rand Nature center is by far Grand Bahama's most accessible nature park…

Wetland of International Importance


Bahamas presently has just one site designated as a Wetland of International Importance, with a surface area of 32,600 hectares.

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Lucayan National Park Kayak Nature & Cave Tour

Tour Operator

Locally bookable day trips…

South Florida Birding

Tour Operator

We offer tours that cover the Dry Tortugas, Florida, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2007 [04 April] - Nick Lethaby


I visited New Providence and Abaco in the Bahamas from March 26 to April 7, 2007. I was on New Providence from March 26 to April 1 and on Abaco from April 1 to April 7. I spent a lot of time on family activities but also did a fair amount of birding, especially on Abaco where I birded about 50% of each day on average. This was my first visit to the ‘Caribbean’ and my goal was to see all the species not found in Florida as well as a few that are but I had missed on Florida trips due to being too early…

2011 [06 June] - Gary & Marlene Babic


We took a several day trip to The Bahamas and, while there, set aside three days exclusively for birding. We hired Carolyn Wardle of Bahamas Outdoors to be our guide for one day on New Providence (Nassau) and a one day trip over to Andros, and hired a car for a third day to bird on our own. We ended up seeing every endemic, endemic sub-species, and specialty, except the Cuban Parrot. We were especially pleased to see the elusive Key West Quail-Dove…

2012 [02 February] - Barry Cooper & Gail Mackiernan

Report PDF

We decided to take advantage of an inexpensive package deal from Expedia and re-visit this Caribbean island. The package included direct flights (only 2 hours and 20 minutes) on Vision Airlines from Baltimore to Freeport, and 4 nights at the Radisson Grand Lucayan Hotel. We arrived late afternoon of February 5th and departed early morning on February 9th. This gave us just over three days of birding…

2012 [11 November] - Carl T Ball


On Nov 15, 2012, we went on a 3-night cruise on the Carnival Glory to the Bahamas with stops in Nassau & Freeport. We had a balcony room but didn’t see any birds from the balcony we would not have seen touring the islands. We couldn’t stay very long on the balcony because of the cigarette, cigar, & marijuana smoke. At least we didn’t smell any smoke in our room. We should have got an inside room for this trip…

2013 [03 March] - Jesse Fagan


One of my favorite tours combining warm weather, pink sand beaches, plenty of delicious seafood (conch this, conch that), and, of course, a very unique set of birds. We did exceptionally well this year, seeing four Bahamian endemics, one a recent split (Bahama Warbler), and count 'em, EIGHT Kirtland's Warblers. We had some highlights including those Kirtland's, but I don't think we will soon forget the Great Lizard-Cuckoos hunting in the tall coppice, parrots that we could nearly reach out and touch, and that small plane ride to Eleuthera!…

2014 [02 February] - Petri Hottola

PDF Report

…In regard to birds, there were four target species which needed to be seen, two of them relatively difficult in mid-winter: Bahama Woodstar, Bahama Swallow, the recently split Bahama Warbler and Bahama Yellowthroat…

2014 [03 March] - Jesse Fagan


This short tour was again very successful. We saw all the potential Bahamian endemics well, plus another fifteen or so regional (i.e. Caribbean) endemics, as well as the very special Kirtland's Warbler (four individuals this year!). Group highlights included the endemic Bahama Woodstar, a bird we struggled to see on Abaco but found to be very obliging on Eleuthera; the colorful Cuban (Rose-throated) Parrots which were happily feeding on the fruiting gumbo limbo trees; and finding new wintering territories for the Kirtland's Warbler (a hit!). But the Great Lizard-Cuckoo cackling away in the tall coppice was the big winner -- he is just too awesome...

2015 [04 April] - Eustace barnes

PDF Report

A glorious mix of blue skies, verdant rainforests, thorny woodlands, lush marshes, red sandstone cliffs, mangroves and azure seas greeted us on each and every day as we toured through the Greater Antilles and Bahamas seeing all but one endemic on our way.

2015 [04 April] - Jesse Fagan - Abaco, Eleuthera, Andros and the Kirtland's Warbler


...It all started on the island of Abaco with a visit to Abaco Island National Park and our first Cuban Parrots perched in the pine trees and a Bahama Yellowthroat skulking in the understory. Bahama Palm Shores was also very good for parrots and West Indian Woodpecker, but lunch at Pete's Pub and "sittin' on the dock of the bay" in Cherokee Sound were also memorable.

2015 [04 April] - Max Berlijn

Report PDF

Annotated list

2016 [04 April] - Jesse Fagin


This was a very successful tour to the Bahamas. It was the first time we included Andros as part of the main tour, and it went as well as expected. We saw five Bahama endemics (the five possible on our tour route), plus a host of Caribbean regional endemics...

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Bahamas Gateway


Whether you are moving to the Bahamas, visiting or just interested in the Bahamas, we can help you find what you need. If you need Bahamian info, browse this web site, find it here at our Bulletin Board or ask us. Free of charge, of course. Anytime! We are more than happy to help you…

Grand Bahama Birders' B&B


Grand Bahama Birders' Bed and Breakfast offers visiting Birders to Grand Bahama a unique experience. We offer the "Garden Apartment" with two twin bedrooms and bath with shower each, a sitting room with kitchenette, coffee machine, refrigerator, microwave, and a private patio where a healthy extensive continental breakfast is being served. This is a perfect option for a couple or a family of four. ..

Small Hope Bay Lodge


An all-inclusive 21 room resort with cottages right on the beach. The perfect place for bird watching, scuba diving, snorkeling, fishing, exploring, rest, relaxation, and rediscovery. More than 300 species of birds have been recorded in the Bahamas. One hundred and nine species breed in the Bahamas, 169 species are migrants or winter here, and 45 species are vagrants. Some, like the Greater Flamingo and the Bahama race of the Cuban Parrot, can only be found in the wild on one or two of the islands…

Tiamo Resort



Other Links

Bahamas wildlife


Some pictures etc…

Bahamian birds


A list of some interesting species and pictures of some.

Bird Watching


Out of all the 700 islands and cays that make up The Islands of The Bahamas, Grand Bahama Island has the distinction of hosting the second highest number of native bird species. For birdwatchers and nature lovers, the island is a true mecca, a place where they can see 18 of the 28 species of Bahamian birds that are not seen in the U.S., Canada, or Europe…



The Bahamas has allocated an additional 58 sites for future development as National Parks, in particular the Andros Barrier Reef, third largest living coral reef in the world, and the Athol Island/Rose Island marine environment