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North America

Altamira Oriole Icterus gularis ©Mike Danzenbaker Website

Birding North America

North America consists of four nations - the United States of America, Mexico, & Canada - Bermuda also lies in this zone both geographically and zoographically. There are also some little-known islands - St Pierre et Miquelon which are geographically North American but remain politically part of France.

The main country pages are supplemented by individual pages for each US state, each Mexican state and each Canadian province. The main country pages are reserved for entries for organisations etc. that are of national significants or, at the very least, cover several states. This page is for links of significance for the whole continent.

The size of the continent means that many species that summer in the North winter in the south. Even within the US alone some birds breed in the north and over winter in the southernmost states, although the majority of summer visitors overwinter in the neo-tropics.

North America probably has more websites than the whole of the rest of the world - it was first into the internet and many clubs etc. at a very local level have had websites for years. Some have the web addresses and formats they started out with, others move and upgrade as technology changes… this makes keeping these pages up to date a nightmare - so please let me know if you come across a dead or changed link.

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 914

As at June 2018

The nearctic has approximately 9% of the world's total.


ABA Checklist

WebBirder Checklist

This checklist covers the whole of the ABA area

North America Checklist

WebBirder Checklist

This Checklist covers the whole continent of North America

Useful Reading

American Museum of Natural History Birds of North America

Edited by François Vuilleumier | Dorling Kindersley | 2016 | Paperback |

ISBN: 9781465443991

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Collins Field Guide: Birds of North America

By Norman Arlott | Harper Collins | 2011 | Hardback | 239 pages, 100 colour plates, colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 9780007293346

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Kaufman Field Guide to Birds of North America

By Kenn Kaufman | Houghton Mifflin Harcourt | 2005 | Paperback | 392 pages, Col plates, maps |

ISBN: 0618574239

Buy this book from NHBS.com

National Geographic Complete Birds of North America

By Jonathan Alderfer, Jon L Dunn & Paul Lehman | National Geographic Society | 2014 | Hardback | 744 pages, 180 colour photos, colour illustrations, 815 colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 9781426213731

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Peterson Field Guide to Birds of North America

By Roger Tory Peterson | Houghton Mifflin Harcourt | 2008 | Paperback | 530 pages, 195 colour plates |

ISBN: 9780618966141

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Rare Birds of North America

By Steve NG Howell, Ian Lewington & Will Russell | Princeton University Press | 2014 | Hardback | 428 Pages | 275 Colour Plates | 17 Colour Maps | 9 tables |

ISBN: 9780691117966

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Smithsonian Field Guide to the Birds of North America

By Ted Floyd | Harper Collins | 2008 | Paperback | 512 pages, 2000 colour photos, colour distribution maps, includes audio CD |

ISBN: 9780061120404

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The Best Places to Bird in the Prairies

By John Acorn, Alan Smith & Nicola Koper | Greystone Books | 2018 | Paperback | 280 pages, 36 colour photos, maps |

ISBN: 9781771643269

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The North American Bird Guide

By David Sibley | Bloomsbury Publishing | 2014 | Paperback | 599 pages, plates with 6600 colour illustrations, 600+ colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 9781472909275

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

ABA Checklist

pdf version available at: http://aba.org/checklist/abachecklist.pdf

Backyard Birding

Identify your backyard visitors in a flash! Just answer four simple questions to search our database of 150 backyard birds common to Canada and the U.S…


BirdPlanner is a free site that enables you to generate bird lists for any place in the western hemisphere…

Zipcode Zoo

Our natural world is rapidly losing its diversity and abundance. To slow this loss, and to better appreciate the natural world, we must begin with local nature. ZipcodeZoo works to bring the natural world to armchair, amateur, and professional naturalists. Our focus is Applied Biogeography: understanding plants and animals in their place, perhaps even your backyard… useful resource for identification


American Bird Conservancy


American Bird Conservancy (ABC) is a 501(c)3 not-for-profit dedicated to the conservation of wild birds and their habitats in the Americas. The fundamental role of ABC is to build coalitions of conservation groups, scientists, and members of the public, to tackle key bird priorities using the best resources available. ABC has offices in Washington D.C. and The Plains, Virginia, and staff in Colorado, Montana, and Oregon.

American Birding Association


North America's largest membership organisation for active birders - providing leadership to field birders by increasing their knowledge, skills, and enjoyment of birding, and by contributing to bird conservation.

Birding For All (Formerly Disabled Birders Association of America)


The DBA is an organization of disabled and able-bodied birders interested in addressing access and other problems faced by birders trying to get the most out of their birding experiences. US members or those wanting to join should email via the international site. We changed our name to Birding For All in 2011 to emphasise our inclusivity…

Boreal Songbird Initiative


The Boreal Songbird Initiative (BSI) is a non-profit organization dedicated to outreach and education about the importance of the Boreal Forest region to North America's birds. BSI works to mobilize environmental and birding groups and individuals to influence Canadian government and industry policies…



Count data and site profiles for over 200 North American Hawkwatch sites…

Neotropical Migrant Birds


Neotropical migrant birds are the songbirds that represent over 50%, more precisely, 340 of the 600 species, of North American birds…

North American Bluebird Society


The NORTH AMERICAN BLUEBIRD SOCIETY, a non-profit conservation, education and research organization, promotes the recovery of bluebirds and other native cavity-nesting bird species…

Operation Rubythroat - the Hummingbird Project


Building Environmental Cooperation and Understanding Throughout North and Central America…

Optics for the Tropics


Optics for the Tropics, Inc. is a 501(c)(3) charity organization providing quality optical equipment in the Caribbean and Latin America where resources are very limited. We distribute equipment to ornithologists and educators working to further bird conservation.

The Institute for Bird Populations


The Institute for Bird Populations studies the abundance, vital rates, and ecology of bird populations to enable scientifically sound conservation of birds and their habitats...

Vital Rates of North American Landbirds


This website provides results of temporal and spatial analyses of capture-mark-recapture and constant-effort capture-rate data on 158 landbird species collected as part of the Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship (MAPS) program between 1992 and 2006. The objectives of these analyses are to provide estimates of, and explore relationships among, the vital rates and demographic parameters of each of these species in order to provide hypotheses regarding the demographic drivers of temporal and spatial variation in their population dynamics, especially as these results may help inform research, management, and conservation efforts for them.


Abbreviations Key: See the appropriate Continent Page (or Country Page of those used on country sub-divisions)

Abbreviations used in reserves sections

BR = Biosphere Reserve
BS = Bird Sanctuary
CA = Conservation Areas
EBA = Endemic Bird Area
IBA = Important Bird Area
MBS = Migratory Bird Sanctuary
MP = Marine Park
MWR = Migratory Waterfowl Refuge
NC = Nature Center
NF = National Forest
NP = National Park
NPR = National Preserve
NPr = Nature Preserve
NR = Nature Reserve
NS = Nature Sanctuary
NWA = National Wildlife Area
NWR = National Wildlife Refuge
PP = Provincial Park
SP = State Park
SWA = State Wildlife Area
SWMA = State Wildlife Management Area
WA = Wildlife Area
WBR = World Biosphere Reserve
WMA = Wildlife Management Area
WR = Wildlife Refuge
WS = Wildlife Sanctuary
WeS = Wetland Sanctuary

Bird Watching Spots


…you'll find a listing of popular bird watching spots listed by state and province…

Forums & Mailing Lists


Mailing List

To subscribe to list: listserv@list.audubon.org

subscribe audubon-chat

Discussion list for National Audubon Society


Mailing List

To post to list: AudubonPFC@yahoogroups.com

List contact: AudubonPFC-owner@yahoogroups.com

To subscribe to list: AudubonPFC-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

AudubonPFC is intended to be a forum for discussion and postings concerning birds, their habitat, their conservation, and related issues including sightings and trip lists for southern Idaho. Intended for beginners as well as experienced birders, conservationists as well as listers, it is more like the notes on the refrigerator door of a large family than a peer-reviewed rare bird alert.


Mailing List

To post to list: Backyard-Birder@yahoogroups.com

List contact: Backyard-Birder-owner@yahoogroups.com

To subscribe to list: Backyard-Birder-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

Backyard-Birder is a place for those who love watching birds whether it is at the feeder or in the yard.


Mailing List

To post to list: bird_rba@listserv.arizona.edu

List contact: bird_rba-request@listserv.arizona.edu

To subscribe to list: listserv@listserv.arizona.edu

subscribe BIRD_RBA Your Name

Rare Birds Alert - (for rarest records in North America) contact web address: NBHC Digest


Mailing List

To subscribe to list: listserv@listserv.arizona.edu


Mailing List – Discussion Group General discussion of North American birds and bird watching.


Mailing List

To subscribe to list: listserv@listserv.arizona.edu

ubscribe BIRDCNTR Your Name

Mailing List – Discussion Group - Transcriptions of rare bird alerts for the central US and Canada


Mailing List

To subscribe to list: listserv@listserv.arizona.edu

subscribe BIRDEAST Your Name

Mailing List – Discussion Group - Transciptions of rare bird alerts for the eastern US and Canada


Mailing List

To subscribe to list: listserv@listserv.arizona.edu

subscribe BIRDWEST Your Name

Mailing List – Discussion Group - Transcription of rare bird alerts for the western US and Canada

North American Birding Forum

Mailing List

Rare bird reports, discussion, resources, field reports etc…

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Wildside Tourism

Tour Operator

Wildside Birding Tours offers scheduled, guided small group tours to Central & North America (10 people maximum plus two leaders) as well as custom tours, guided or unguided, for any number of people.

Trip Reports


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Ecotourism in America


This is a website entirely devoted to nature based travel in the Americas. Here you can find a detailed description of each establishment organized by name, country or activity…


Boreal Songbird Initiative


Dr. Jeff Wells is the Senior Scientist for the Boreal Songbird Initiative. During his time at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and as the Audubon Society's National Conservation Director, Dr. Wells earned a reputation as one of the nation's leading bird experts and conservation biologists. He is now dedicated to understanding and protecting the land where North America's birds are born and raised, the Boreal Forest of Canada and Alaska. Check back regularly to read Dr. Wells' perspectives on the conservation, migration and interesting habits of Boreal birds.

Other Links



Birding.com has the answers to your birding questions - Birding around the country and around the world.



All sorts of goodies here - including US birding mailing lists, artists, stamps, ornithology and more.

Birds of North America


The acclaimed standard reference on North American birds. In two centuries of American ornithology, only three comprehensive references have been completed on North American birds. The most recent of these, A.C. Bent`s Life Histories of North American Birds, was begun in 1912, and is now out of date. Now, at long last, a modern reference series is here. The Birds of North America, supported by The American Ornithologists` Union, the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, provides a detailed scientific account of each of the more than 700 species nesting in the 50 United States and Canada.

Birds of Prey


I've been interested in raptors and other birds of prey for about eighteen years. I've conducted hawk watches in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas for the Hawk Migration Association of North America (HMANA); was the Western editor of Hawk Migration Studies, HMANA's journal, for ten years; and was on its Board of Directors for a term…

CJ Wildlife North America


CJ Wildlife has 20 years experience offering a wide range of high-quality products to help you attract, feed, identify and care for wild birds and other wildlife in your garden…



eBird, a project developed by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the National Audubon Society, provides a simple way for you to keep track of the birds you see anywhere in North America. You can retrieve information on your bird observations, from your backyard to your neighborhood to your favorite bird-watching locations, at any time for your personal use. You can also access the entire historical database to find out what other eBirders are reporting from across North America. In addition, the cumulative eBird database is used by birdwatchers, scientists, and conservationists who want to know more about the distributions and movement patterns of birds across the continent…



We feature over 700 species of North American birds- each species has detailed descriptive textand colour photographs. We have 893 colour photographs of birds to be exact. We also feature bird calls for 550 different species of birds which can be listened to in real time directly from our site. One of our newest features is the eNature LocalGuide- allowing users toenter their zip code and get a customized guide to their local birds with photos and descriptions. In addition, our users can create and maintain online life lists, join discussions Forums, and receive our weekly newsletters.



See and share bird sightings in your neighbourhood and all over North America. Find and post the best places to find birds. Discover birding groups and stores in your area…



Welcome to NatureServe, a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada. NatureServe provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe is a product of the Association for Biodiversity Information in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

North American Birding


North American Birding is focused exclusively on birding in North America. We’re having an ongoing conversation with a range of voices about birds right here in North America. You’ll find a hugely talented – and growing – group of contributing bloggers…

North American Birding Forum's Listing Central


If you are registered with Listers' Central, you can login here to manage or add to your list totals…



Ornithology.com is for all ornithologists, bird enthusiasts, and the environmentally-minded. It is the place to begin for information on wild birds. Science, education, and conservation are our goals. It is essentially a North American resource.



If you are wondering what owl is hooting out your window, are a student, hobbyist, or just enjoy the owls and nature… you are in the right place. Owling.com is a look at the North American Owls with both biology and multimedia sections to help with the identification, enjoyment, and appreciation of these awesome winged predators.

Seiurus Video


We are about birds, photography, and videography of birds. If you plan to photograph birds in Florida, or if you need stock video footage of birds from anywhere in North America, check us out. If you want to learn some basic techniques in making bird and wildlife video, or just want to watch some video of wild birds, you’ve come to the right place…

Sibley Guides Notebook


David Sibley - Celebrating the joy of discovery with observations, questions and comments about North America's birds…

The Birds of North America Online


Access to the undoubtedly excellent site is, unfortunately, by annual subscription, currently $40 for individuals…

Thermal Birding


Birds, Birding, and Migration…

Wild About Birds


We are a resource for backyard bird lovers in the United States (especially new bird watchers) to learn more about birding and buy quality products that enhance the bird watching experience.



WildBirds.com can show you how to attract more birds to your yard. We can help you identify birds at your feeders. Explore. Click on any one of the ten sections listed to the left. The first two sections give tips on feeding and attracting wild birds. In the section called Protecting Wild Birds you will discover what to do with baby birds you find. You can also learn why that crazy bird keeps banging against your window each morning! Laugh at the latest bird jokes in Your Favourite Birds section. We also offer our recommendations for the very best birding books, feeders, binoculars and software. Click on the name of the book or product for more information.

Photographers & Artists

Gallery - Monte Taylor - Bird & Wildlife Photography


Enjoy the beauty of many North America's birds and mammals! Over 800 species of
birds and many large mammals, cetaceans, reptiles, and amphibians, including a number of the
rarest North American birds from places like Attu Island Alaska, Texas, SE Arizona, Florida,
Nova Scotia, and California, to name just a few! And, two special galleries of the Birds of Japan.
I've photographed over 780 species of birds in the US & Canada alone!

Gallery - North American Bird Photo Gallery


The number of species illustrated currently stands at 226. Keep checking back because new species and photos are continually being added. The photos displayed here can be licensed for one-time use at reasonable fees, delivered either as digital files or as original 35 mm transparencies.

Photographer - Mike Danzenbaker


Now over 800 species represented…