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Federative Republic of Brazil

Rufous-bellied Thrush
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris ©Francesco Veronesi - Wikimedia Website

Brazil is an immense tropical birding mecca, boasting around 1832 bird species including a staggering 252 endemics at least and with several new species still being annually described.

Few countries can compare to Brazil, holding the World’s greatest bio diversity, highest number of endemic birds in South America and ranking as the third richest bird country on the Planet. Super friendly Brazilians in a country teeming with natural history, stunning scenic beauty, great modern tourist facilities, excellent and varied cuisine, all combine to offer birders some of the most exciting bird watching and wildlife experiences, on this the bird continent of the World. It’s no wonder that Brazil has rapidly become South America’s premier birding destination.

Brazil is the largest South American country holding so many superlatives its hard to know where to begin: in the south west we find the World’s largest most spectacular waterfalls, the thunderous Iguaçu falls, traveling east we encounter the Serra do Mar mountain range clad in lush Atlantic rainforest (home to the highest number of endemic bird species in the World with over 160) reaching down to Brazil’s famous tropical beaches shaded by coconut palms.

Within the interior of south western Brazil we find the World's largest seasonally flooded fresh water marsh, the Pantanal which simply abounds with Animal life. Finally moving north we enter the vast green carpet of the Amazon rainforest which holds a staggering 20% of the Worlds fresh water flowing into the mighty Amazon river which dissects through thousands upon thousands of kilometers of pristine rainforest, a true symbol and flagship of one of the last remaining wilderness areas of our planet. 

To allow a full appreciation of Brazil’s avifauna, one can quickly see, requires multiple birding trips to this vast friendly country to see it’s staggering diversity of natural history in so many different destinations. Birders planning to visit Brazil with such a huge avifauna, have first to plan and decide to which of the six major biomes they want to visit. To help understand more clearly the birding areas, it’s sites and possibilities to focus on during a birding trip, the late Bruce Forrester’s Birding Brazil (although getting a little dated), is still by far the best single source of birding information to date on Brazil.

Here is a simplified idea of major birding habitats and Brazilian biomes that should be visited on any birding Brazil trips. Included is a selection of Brazil’s major birding hot spots to visit along with a few of the sites key species. Covering as many of these major biomes will give birders a greater chance to see a higher % of the Brazilian endemics.

Atlantic Rainforest (Southeastern and southern Brazil) - The Lush Atlantic rainforest home to the largest number of endemics in the World, is found along the Brazilian coast and covers a series of coastal mountain ranges extending inland. This extremely rich birding area is the most commonly visited by birders due to its abundant endemics and its close proximity to Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo the major gate way of entry into Brazil. This habitat can be subdivided as follows;

a) Mountainous Atlantic rainforest: Several of these Atlantic forest endemics are found within a restricted elevation in the highlands. Main birding sites being are two in Rio state; Itatiaia National Park (Black-and-Gold Cotinga, Itatiaia Thistletail, Rufous-tailed Antbird, Rufous-backed Antvireo, White-bearded Antshrike and Black-capped Piprites) and Serra dos Orgoas National Park (Hooded Berryeater, Gray-winged Cotinga, Three-toed Jacamar and Elegant Mourner) and in Sao Paulo state, Intervales State Park (Black-throated Piping Guan, Long-trained Nightjar, Swallow-tailed Cotinga and Atlantic Royal Flycatcher).

b) Lowland coastal forest: These can be sub divided by different endemics into three distinct endemic centers, northern- in Espirito Santo, Novo Lombardia, Linhares and Sooretama (Red-browed Parrot, Long-tailed Potoo, Banded Cotinga, Black-headed Berryeater, Cherry-throated Tanager, Plumbeous Antvireo, Weid’s Tyrant Manakin, Russet-winged Spadebill and Red-billed Curassow) and in Bahia, Una and Porto Seguro area (Red-browed Parrot, White-winged Potoo, Hook-billed Hermit, Bahia Antwren, Banded Cotinga) central- Ubatuba, Sao Paulo (Slaty Bristlefront, Red-eyed Thornbird, Buff-throated Purpletuft, Spotted Bamboo Wren, Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant and Saw-billed Hermit) and southern- Curitiba area with Serra da Graciosa and nearby Santa Catarina state with its excellent restinga forests (Sickle-winged Nightjar, Marsh Antbird, Hooded Berryeater, Bare-throated Bellbird, Wetland Tapaculo, Canebrake Groundcreeper, Kaempfer’s Tody-tyrant, Restinga Tyrannulet and Black-backed Tanager).

Pantanal Wetlands and Chapada - World famous for its abundance of nature the immense Pantanal holds the World’s largest wetlands that offer almost a superb safari type birding and nature watching experience. The open setting makes birding easy with some spectacular concentrations and species diversity where 150 bird species a day being regular (Hyacinth and Golden-collard Macaw, Jabiru, Great Rufous Woodcreeper, Helmeted Manakin). Mammal watching can be very good with Giant River Otter, Marsh Deer and even Jaguar being seen with some frequency. The best area of the Pantanal for birders is found by accessing the far north, flying into Cuiaba. From here entering the famous transpantaneira road can be combined with access to the wonderful Chapada dos Guimarães National Park with its fine cerrado habitat and special birds; (Collard Cresentchest, Dot-eared Coquette, Rufous-sided Pygmy Tyrant, Blue Finch and Coal-crested Finch). Note also Cuiaba is the entrance city to fly onto visit the southern Amazonian Rainforests of Mato Grosso at Alta Floresta (see Amazonian Brazil).

Natural grasslands, cerrado and gallery forest of central Brazil - A patch work of important habitats holding many sought after endemics unique to each habitat. In central south eastern Brazil area the state of Minas Gerais stands out as one of the best states in which to enter through Belo Horizonte its capital to explore this rich area. From Belo Horizonte one can visit Serra de Canastra (Lesser Nothura, Crowned Eagle, Brazilian Merganser, Campo miner, Brasilia Tapaculo, Cock-tailed Tyrant) and the area is excellent for mammals including Mained Wolf and Giant Anteater. Also visits to both Serra de Cipo (Hyacinth Visorbearer, Cipo Canastero, Cinerous Warbling Finch, Blue Finch) as well as Caraça which also holds some Atlantic rainforest too (Serra Antwren, Buiscutate Swift, Cinnamon-vented Piha). Other important birding locations outside Minas that offer excellent birding are Emas National Park (Goias) with its superb grasslands (Yellow-faced Parrot, White-winged Nightjar, rare seedeaters), Brasilia National Park (Planalto Foliage-gleaner, White-striped Warbler).

Southern Brazil - Spectacular Aracaria forests, rolling grasslands and isolated marshes in Rio Grande state are home to many great endemics and flying into Porto Alegre, is one of the best ways to bird the states habitats. Within a few hours drive of the capital you can base yourself out of the quaint town of Sao Fransisco de Paula where good hotels are found. From here day visits to all major habitats are possible (Vinaceous-breasted Parrot, Mottled Piculet, Long-tailed Cinclodes, Striolated and Aracaria Tit Spinetail, Chestnut-backed Tanager and Saffron-cowled Blackbird). Driving to the far south of the state gets you to vast rice fields and wetlands such as at Taim, Pelotas and Lagoa de Peixe which hold huge concentrations of waders, gulls and terns (during boreal wintering especially) and screamers, swans, flamingo, ibis, ducks and grebes. Sea watching or pelagic birding for the more adventurous could be very rewarding also here during austral winter and a few special birds are found along the narrow coastal belt and its dunes.

Northeastern Brazil - Another vast region of Brazil the northeast contains a high number of great endemic birds, however this region also requires a lot of driving to cover the sites and see the areas wonderful endemics. The major habitat types are: caatinga which is the dominant habitat but very varied, tropical dry forest and isolated fragments of humid Atlantic rainforest. There are several ways to enter NE Brazil coming up from northern areas of SE Brazil by car or flying into one of the coastal ports of entry such as Salvador, Ilheus, Fortaleza or Maceio. A brief note outlines the major birding sites to visit within the northeast; Bahia state offers some excellent birding with one of the top birds of NE in the form of the endangered Lear’s Macaw other sites being Boa Nova (Rio-de Janeiro and Slender Antbird, Caatinga Antwren, Striated Softail, Bahia Spinetail, Fork-tailed Tody Tyrant, Bahia Tyrannulet) and Chapada do Dimantina (Hooded Visorbearer, Great Xenops, Pale-throated Serra Finch). Ceara state and the Chapada do Araripe can not be missed for the stunning Araripe Manakin (White-browed Guan, White-browed Antpitta, Bearded Bellbird, Great Xenops, Tawny Piculet). Alagoas state includes some of the Worlds most threatened endemic avifauna at Murici (Long-tailed Woodnymph, Alagoas Foligae-gleaner, Alagoas Antwren, Alagoas Tyrannulet, Seven-colored Tanager, Pintos Spinetail).

Amazonian Brazil - The capital of the Brazilian Amazon is the city of Manaus makes an idea center for any birding trip to Amazonia, located at the meeting of the Rios Negro with the mighty Amazon forming the famous meeting of the waters. Over hundreds of thousands of years each one of the Amazons major tributaries have formed biogeographical barriers, causing major speciation in all forms of life throughout the Amazon basin, especially so in the lower Amazon. Therefore the avian species diversity in Amazonas state alone is simply staggering, with around 950 bird species recorded to date!

Manaus location is perfect for visitors to plan visits to several of the very distinct biogeographical regions found here, each holding different fauna. These distinct geographical areas are found as you cross each major Amazonian river barrier: North of the Amazon east and west of the Rio Negro, South of the Amazon east and west of the Rio Madeira being the major biogeographical barriers closest to Manaus.

Manaus offers local scheduled flights to other important biogeographical areas included in the Brazilian Amazon, including such great birding sites as are found around Sao Gabriel (Pearly Antshrike, Chestnut-crested and Gray-bellied Antbird, Yellow-throated Antwren), Tefe (Wattled Curassow), Borba (Brown-breasted Barbet, Hoffmann’s Woodcreeper, White-breasted Antbird, Buff-cheeked Tody Flycatcher), Tabatinga (Elusive Antpitta, Black-tailed Antbird, Rio Suno Antwren and Gray Wren). Also outside Amazonia to Itaituba, Pará (Golden Parakeet, Vulturine Parrot, Harlequin and Pale-faced Antbird) for visits to Amazonian National Park and Carajás (Black-bellied Gnatcatcher, Black- chested Tyrant, Opal-crowned Manakin), Boa Vista, Roraima (Sun Parakeet, Rio Branco Antbird and Hoary-throated Spinetail). Boats can be hired too from Manaus for exploration of the rich white water river island birds close to Manaus, on the Amazon as well as the Rio Negros black water archipelago of Anavilhanas (Klage’s and Cherrie’s Antwren) located above Manaus. The river islands within the Amazon are very rich and hold almost all the special riverine birds (Scaled and Red-and-White, Parker’s Spinetails, Brownish Elaenia and Pearly-breasted Conebill).

In southern Amazonia, Mato Grosso state you can visit the famous Alta Floresta by flying from Cuiaba (Cryptic Forest-Falcon, Crimson-bellied Parakeet, Kawall’s Parrot, Black-girdled Barbet, Bare-eyed Antbird, Tooth-billed wren and Flame-crested Manakin).

Amazonas also holds much excitement for those more adventurous birders as the state still holds huge areas of unexplored territory and this is one of the reasons that today still new bird species are being discovered and others re-discovered here. Amazonia never gives up its secrets easily! Biologists eyes World wide have recently turned to the Brazilian Amazon with the revelation of the recent discovery of multiple big new mammals, including a Peccary, several Primates, (Titi Monkeys and Marmosets) and even a new Dwarf Manatee!

The state pages each contain detailed info on most major Brazilian birding sites and some notes on birds to be expected.


Andrew Whittaker

Birding Brazil Tours




Number of Species

Number of bird species: 1832

As at July 2016


Number of endemics: 252 (According to IOC - Nov 2011)

Number of endemics: Non-Passerines (74)

Yellow-legged Tinamou Crypturellus noctivagus Lesser Nothura Nothura minor Dwarf Tinamou Taoniscus nanus East Brazilian Chachalaca Ortalis araucuan Scaled Chachalaca Ortalis squamata Chestnut-headed Chachalaca Ortalis ruficeps Buff-browed Chachalaca Ortalis superciliaris White-crested Guan Penelope pileata Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster White-browed Guan Penelope jacucaca Alagoas Curassow Mitu mitu Red-billed Curassow Crax blumenbachii White-collared Kite Leptodon forbesi White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus Cryptic Forest Falcon Micrastur mintoni Little Wood Rail Aramides mangle Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis Lear's Macaw Anodorhynchus leari Spix's Macaw Cyanopsitta spixii Golden Parakeet Guaruba guarouba Sulphur-breasted Parakeet Aratinga maculata Jandaya Parakeet Aratinga jandaya Golden-capped Parakeet Aratinga auricapillus Caatinga Parakeet Aratinga cactorum Ochre-marked Parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata Pearly Parakeet Pyrrhura lepida Santarem Parakeet Pyrrhura amazonum Bonaparte's Parakeet Pyrrhura lucianii Grey-breasted Parakeet Pyrrhura griseipectus Pfrimer's Parakeet Pyrrhura pfrimeri Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica Brown-backed Parrotlet Touit melanonotus Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus Vulturine Parrot Pyrilia vulturina Bald Parrot Pyrilia aurantiocephala Red-spectacled Amazon Amazona pretrei Diademed Amazon Amazona diadema Red-browed Amazon Amazona rhodocorytha Red-tailed Amazon Amazona brasiliensis Kawall's Amazon Amazona kawalli Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea Scaled Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus squamiger Black-capped Screech Owl Megascops atricapilla Pernambuco Pygmy Owl Glaucidium mooreorum Plain-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne vielliardi Pygmy Nightjar Caprimulgus hirundinaceus Mato Grosso Swift Chaetura viridipennis Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius Hook-billed Hermit Glaucis dohrnii Broad-tipped Hermit Anopetia gounellei Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus Minute Hermit Phaethornis idaliae Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris Dot-eared Coquette Lophornis gouldii Frilled Coquette Lophornis magnificus Long-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania watertonii Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda Hyacinth Visorbearer Augastes scutatus Hooded Visorbearer Augastes lumachella Stripe-breasted Starthroat Heliomaster squamosus Three-toed Jacamar Jacamaralcyon tridactyla Blue-necked Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis Caatinga Puffbird Nystalus maculatus Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata Chestnut-headed Nunlet Nonnula amaurocephala Brown-chested Barbet Capito brunneipectus Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni Spotted Piculet Picumnus pygmaeus Varzea Piculet Picumnus varzeae Ochraceous Piculet Picumnus limae Tawny Piculet Picumnus fulvescens Mottled Piculet Picumnus nebulosus Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons Kaempfer's Woodpecker Celeus obrieni

Number of endemics: Passerines (178)

Long-tailed Cinclodes Cinclodes pabsti Band-tailed Hornero Furnarius figulus Striolated Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura striolata Itatiaia Spinetail Asthenes moreirae Cipo Canastero Asthenes luizae Hoary-throated Spinetail Synallaxis kollari Bahia Spinetail Synallaxis whitneyi Pinto's Spinetail Synallaxis infuscata Red-shouldered Spinetail Gyalophylax hellmayri Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida Grey-headed Spinetail Cranioleuca semicinerea Scaled Spinetail Cranioleuca muelleri Striated Softtail Thripophaga macroura Orange-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus Orange-breasted Thornbird Phacellodomus ferrugineigula Pink-legged Graveteiro Acrobatornis fonsecai Caatinga Cacholote Pseudoseisura cristata Alagoas Foliage-gleaner Philydor novaesi White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus Para Foliage-gleaner Automolus paraensis Pernambuco Foliage-gleaner Automolus lammi Great Xenops Megaxenops parnaguae Uniform Woodcreeper Hylexetastes uniformis Brigida's Woodcreeper Hylexetastes brigidai Moustached Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes falcirostris Hoffmanns's Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes hoffmannsi Zimmer's Woodcreeper Dendroplex kienerii Spix's Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus spixii Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus Silvery-cheeked Antshrike Sakesphorus cristatus Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus Natterer's Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus stictocephalus Planalto Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus pelzelni Sooretama Slaty Antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus Acre Antshrike Thamnophilus divisorius Rondonia Bushbird Clytoctantes atrogularis Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus Plumbeous Antvireo Dysithamnus plumbeus Klages's Antwren Myrmotherula klagesi Sclater's Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis Silvery-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula luctuosa Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor Band-tailed Antwren Myrmotherula urosticta Rio de Janeiro Antwren Myrmotherula fluminensis Unicolored Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor Alagoas Antwren Myrmotherula snowi Bahia Antwren Herpsilochmus pileatus Caatinga Antwren Herpsilochmus sellowi Pectoral Antwren Herpsilochmus pectoralis Narrow-billed Antwren Formicivora iheringi Black-hooded Antwren Formicivora erythronotos Serra Antwren Formicivora serrana Sincora Antwren Formicivora grantsaui Marsh Antwren Stymphalornis acutirostris Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata Orange-bellied Antwren Terenura sicki Rio de Janeiro Antbird Cercomacra brasiliana Willis's Antbird Cercomacra laeta Rio Branco Antbird Cercomacra carbonaria Bananal Antbird Cercomacra ferdinandi Fringe-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena atra Slender Antbird Rhopornis ardesiacus Spix's Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis striata Humaita Antbird Schistocichla humaythae Rufous-faced Antbird Schistocichla rufifacies Scalloped Antbird Myrmeciza ruficauda White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata Squamate Antbird Myrmeciza squamosa Bare-eyed Antbird Rhegmatorhina gymnops Harlequin Antbird Rhegmatorhina berlepschi White-breasted Antbird Rhegmatorhina hoffmannsi Pale-faced Bare-eye Phlegopsis borbae Cryptic Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides Rufous-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda White-browed Antpitta Hylopezus ochroleucus Ceara Gnateater Conopophaga cearae Hooded Gnateater Conopophaga roberti Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater Stresemann's Bristlefront Merulaxis stresemanni White-breasted Tapaculo Eleoscytalopus indigoticus Marsh Tapaculo Scytalopus iraiensis Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae Rock Tapaculo Scytalopus petrophilus Planalto Tapaculo Scytalopus pachecoi Brasilia Tapaculo Scytalopus novacapitalis Diamantina Tapaculo Scytalopus diamantinensis Reiser's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias reiseri Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla Noronha Elaenia Elaenia ridleyana Grey-backed Tachuri Polystictus superciliaris Alagoas Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ceciliae Restinga Tyrannulet Phylloscartes kronei Bahia Tyrannulet Phylloscartes beckeri Minas Gerais Tyrannulet Phylloscartes roquettei Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis Brown-breasted Bamboo Tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus Hangnest Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus Pelzeln's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus inornatus Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus mirandae Kaempfer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus kaempferi Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus Buff-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus senex Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum Sao Francisco Black Tyrant Knipolegus franciscanus Velvety Black Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus Ash-throated Casiornis Casiornis fuscus Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullata Black-headed Berryeater Carpornis melanocephala Banded Cotinga Cotinga maculata Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra Grey-winged Cotinga Tijuca condita Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides White-tailed Cotinga Xipholena lamellipennis White-winged Cotinga Xipholena atropurpurea Wied's Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma aurifrons Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma chrysolophum Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris Eastern Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus Snow-capped Manakin Lepidothrix nattereri Golden-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix vilasboasi Opal-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix iris Araripe Manakin Antilophia bokermanni Atlantic Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus swainsoni Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra Brazilian Laniisoma Laniisoma elegans Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata Noronha Vireo Vireo gracilirostris Grey-eyed Greenlet Hylophilus amaurocephalus White-naped Jay Cyanocorax cyanopogon Tooth-billed Wren Odontorchilus cinereus Long-billed Wren Cantorchilus longirostris Grey Wren Cantorchilus griseus Para Gnatcatcher Polioptila paraensis Yellow-faced Siskin Carduelis yarrellii White-striped Warbler Basileuterus leucophrys Campo Troupial Icterus jamacaii Forbes's Blackbird Curaeus forbesi Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus Sao Francisco Sparrow Arremon franciscanus Red-cowled Cardinal Paroaria dominicana Crimson-fronted Cardinal Paroaria baeri Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus Cone-billed Tanager Conothraupis mesoleuca Scarlet-throated Tanager Compsothraupis loricata Cherry-throated Tanager Nemosia rourei Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata Seven-colored Tanager Tangara fastuosa Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris Black-backed Tanager Tangara peruviana Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla Bay-chested Warbling Finch Poospiza thoracica Buff-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza lateralis Grey-throated Warbling Finch Poospiza cabanisi Cinereous Warbling Finch Poospiza cinerea Serra Finch Embernagra longicauda Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris Dubois's Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca White-throated Seedeater Sporophila albogularis Black-bellied Seedeater Sporophila melanogaster



iGoTerra Checklist

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Useful Reading

A Birdwatching Guide to South-East Brazil

by Juha Honkala & Seppo Niiranen | Softcover | 2010 | £28.99 | approx. $47/€34 | See Fatbirder Review

ISBN: 9789529271924

Buy this book from NHBS.com

A Field Guide to the Birds of Brazil

by Ber van Perlo | Softcover | 465 pages, 187 col plates, 1791 maps, 5 line illus. | Oxford University Press USA | 2009 | £19.99 | For those who can afford it: Hardcover | 2009 | £81.00 | ISBN: 9780195301540

See Fatbirder Review

ISBN: 9780195301557

Buy this book from NHBS.com

All the Birds of Brazil - An Identification Guide

by Deodato Souza Published by DALL - New edition 2006 356 pages
See Fatbirder Review

ISBN: 1905268017

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birding Brazil

Bruce C Forrester Paperback (11 June, 1993) BC Forrester

ISBN: 0952156709

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birds in Brazil

Helmut Sick Hardcover - 774 pages ( 9 August, 1993) Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691085692

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birds of Brazil / Aves do Brasil

An Artistic View / Uma Visao Artística Tomas Sigrist 672 pages, 1800 maps, col plates. Ricardo Sigrist ISBN: 8560120009
See Fatbirder Review

DVD - Birding Brazil - Atlantic Rainforest

Beautiful but bizarre birds - goat-eyed, bar-coded bills… a description that captures the essence of just one of the special birds - the spot-billed toucanet that Malcolm & the team are striving to find in the Atlantic Rainforest of south-eastern Brazil. Buy direct from the filmmaker:

Pantanal Wildlife: A Visitor's Guide to Brazil's Great Wetland

by James Lowen - Bradt 2010
See Fatbirder Review

ISBN: 9781841623054

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Where to Watch Birds in South America

Nigel Wheatley Paperback - 336 pages (27 October, 1994) Christopher Helm

ISBN: 0713639091

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

National Bird

Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris


Avaliação do Estado de Conservação das Aves Brasileiras


Centro Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação de Aves Silvestres…

Biodiversity Foundation


R. Ludgero Dolabela, 1021 - 7o andar - Gutierrez - CEP 30430-130 Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais - Brasil - Caixa Postal 1462 Tel: 0055-31-3292-8235 - Fax: 0055-31-3291-7658

Brazil Atualidades Ornitologicas


Welcome to the bird`s world! Brazilian Ornithological Web Site. Mostly in Portuguese but with some English.

Centro Nacional de Pesquisa para Conservacao das Aves Silvestres


As aves têm um importante papel no meio ambiente rural e urbano: ajudam no controle de pragas, que atacam as plantações e as cidades; polinizam flores e espalham sementes, auxiliando na reprodução das plantas; servem como ótimos indicadores da qualidade dos ambientes, pois indicam rapidamente qualquer impacto ambiental; além de nos encantar com sua beleza e seus sons…

CEO - Centro de Estudos Ornitológicos


O QUE É O CEO? O Centro de Estudos Ornitológicos é uma organização não governamental, sem fins lucrativos, com objetivos de congregar pessoas interessadas em ornitologia e temas correlatos, desenvolver estudos ornitológicos, contribuir para a conservação da natureza em geral e das aves em particular e para a educação ambiental da população. Os associados se reúnem todo segundo sábado do mês, às 14:00 horas, no Anfiteatro do Instituto de Biociências da Universidade de São Paulo, na Cidade Universitária. As reuniões são abertas a todos os interessados. A programação consta de palestras, mesas-redondas, audio-visuais, debates e discussões informais sobre ornitologia e preservação da natureza. O CEO edita o Boletim CEO, periódico semestral destinado à publicação de trabalhos sobre ornitologia e preservação da natureza, que é distribuído graciosamente aos associados e a aproximadamente 300 instituições nacionais e estrangeiras. Mensalmente os associados recebem o Clipping do CEO, uma resenha de notícias ornitológicas e ambientais, bem como uma agenda de eventos.

Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos


The CBRO will review and update the information available about avian distribution in Brazil, and will consolidate and publish its conclusions on the Internet in the form of a regular newsletter. This newsletter will be entitled Nattereria, in homage to the Austrian naturalist who laid the basis for the study of the distribution of birds in Brazil.

Federacos Ornitofilicas Brasileiras


Starts out with: Aviculturists Brazilian Federations. There is all sorts of info including checklists etc.

Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis


Este manual tem por objetivo orientar os declarantes do ADA - Ato Declaratório Ambiental - no seu correto preenchimento, na descrição das diferentes tipologias de distribuição das áreas do imóvel e da entrega do Ato Declaratório Ambiental…

Loroparque Fundacion


Our mission is to conserve parrots and their habitats, through education, applied research, responsible breeding programmes, and community-based conservation activities that use parrots as ambassadors for nature…

Pantanal Bird Club


The Pantanal Bird Club offers different birding trips in Mato Grosso, that could be combined as pre or post tours, with fixed departures every month on the dry season (July-November). Departures are confirmed even with just ONE participant!

Sociedade Brasileira de Ornitologia - SBO - Ararajuba


Como sócio você receberá a Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, o nosso Boletim Informativo, receberá desconto na taxa de inscrição do Congresso Brasileiro de Ornitologia e terá acesso às áreas restritas em nossa home page (publicações, lista de discussão e arquivos). Outras promoções poderão ocorrer também. Associe-se à Sociedade Brasileira de Ornitologia e contribua para a promoção do estudo científico e da conservação das aves brasileiras…


Abbreviations Key

A Wilderness of Water - The Pantanal


Satellite View

South America's Pantanal, the largest wetland in the world, is an oasis of water and wildlife. As development threatens to destroy it, conservationists are fighting to preserve it…

Atlantic Rainforest Projects in Brazil


Because of the importance of the Atlantic Rainforests of Brazil, the WLT is looking at another area of threatened forests close to Guapi Acu. WLT is proposing to support a project identified by BirdLife International as of the highest priority, following a detailed assessment. This area is included in their list of Key Areas for Threatened Birds in the Americas. The WLT Trustees are meeting with representatives of BirdLife International in late May to discuss the project commitment in greater detail and further information will be available after this time…

National Parks


List with links…

Wetlands of International Importance


Brazil currently (01.11.2016) has 13 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), with a surface area of 7,260,873 hectares...

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Andean Birding

Tour Operator

Andean Birding is a birdwatching tour company providing top bird guides, customized itineraries and logistics for your visit to the Andes, Amazon and Galapagos in Ecuador, as well as Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and Mexico. In addition, we conduct bird conservation and ornithological research…

Anytime Tours

Tour Operator

Fatbirder's very own birding tours - we offer several destinations in Brazil…

Birding Brazil Tours

Tour Operator

Birding Brazil tours is owned by Andrew Whittaker a leading South American Ornithologist and well known international bird tour leader. Our 18 years of in country birding and tour organizing experience (throughout Brazil) has enabled us to form a uniquely highly qualified team. The office combines birders and a very efficient professional office staff allowing us to give excellent competitive services and advice to any birder wishing to plan a visit to any of the many excellent Brazilian birding destination…

Birding Ecotours

Tour Operator

For all its size, the joys of the Amazon are mostly subtle: the ghostly roar of howler monkeys, the remarkable variety of plant life, the kindliness of riverside communities, and the quiet but awesome power of the river itself….

Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…


Tour Operator

Amazon Birding Expeditions is an agency specialised in ornithology and ecotourism, which operates in Manaus in the state of Amazonas, providing expeditions led by certified and experienced professionals. Our agency works with private groups, mixed, and with individual clients. We also promote photo safaris, excursions centred on rare specimens, endemic or of the groups own interests, taking care of all the reception and operational part. We elaborate Birding itineraries and provide consulting; and administer a course on the basic principles of Bird Watching (geared towards tour guides); a course of photography of birds in nature and educational lectures. We do inventories of wild birds in Conservation Units, RPPN, EPA, RDS, reserves, parks, and private farms. In addition to these, we operate with itineraries in ecotourism which include: hikes in the jungle, river excursions, sport fishing, spotting of nocturnal fauna, rodents, birds, and alligators (without capture); visits to waterfalls with stops for swimming and leisure, according to the interests of the group. Our goal is to work with various operators in Brazil and abroad, always offering a product of excellent quality and a competitive price in the market.

Boute Expeditions

Tour Operator

For tailor-made itineraries in the Pantanal, Chapada dos Guimarães, Serra das Araras, and Alta Floresta adn more…

Brazilian Ecotourism Society

Tour Operator

Edson Endrigo

Tour Operator

The Leader, Edson Endrigo has been guiding birders all over the world during the last two years in Southeastern Brazil and he is prepared to show you the Antbirds, Antvireos, Cotingas, Antthrushes, Antshrikes, manakins, Woodcreepers, Foliage Gleaners and to identify the Flycatchers, Eleanias and Tyrannulets…

Gil Serique

Tour Operator

Brazilian field guide and conservationist specialized in providing observation of wild parrots. I have been organising expedition to the various parts of the Amazon region for the past fifteen years. Currently I am field director of a conservation project involving a fairly large population of Hyacinth Macaws, in southern Piaui state, Brazil. We also undertake field trips to locate unknown populations of the rare Lear`s Macaw, in addition to work in Atlantic Rainforest. These projects are administered by BioBrasil Foundation (biobras@provider.com.br) an environmental NGO based in Itubera, BA.

Manu Expeditions

Tour Operator

A tour aimed at seeing the spectacular endemic Araipe Manakin, Lear’s Macaw, Great Xenops, Seven-coloured Tanager, Hooded Visorbearer and Slender Antbird…

Neblina Forest

Tour Operator

Many itineraries…

Richard Raby Eco-tours

Tour Operator

Specializing in the offer of affordable, custom designed & multi-centre Birding trips to South-eastern Brazil, tailor made for World-Birders. If you are planning to Bird South-eastern Brazil at the time of the year of your choosing* and wish to travel alone, with your partner, or maybe with a small group of friends, then Richard Raby Eco-tours can almost certainly design a most memorable birding-trip for you, visiting many of the classic birding mecas in South-Eastern Brazil…

Rick Simpson Birding Services

Tour Operator

If you are reading this then the chances are that you have already decided on Brazil as your next birding destination. This being the case there is no better starting point than Ubatuba. A small town nestling on a quiet bay within easy reach of São Paulo airport and surrounded by Atlantic Rainforest teeming with endemic birds, a perfect introduction to your Brazilian adventure…

Riding Brazil - Horseback Adventures

Tour Operator

Explore the most stunning Brazilian landscapes and watch fascinating wildlife on horseback - a unique and exciting adventure…

Rockjumper Birding Tours

Tour Operator

Brazil is one of the world’s 17 ‘megadiversity’ countries, and our Brazil - Birds & Wildlife of the Pantanal & Cerrado tour, combined with our Atlantic Rainforest and Amazon Rainforest extensions,

This Way - Birding Services

Tour Operator

Carlos Henrique is a guide specialized in birdwatching in Brazilian Southeast and Central-West regions. He is a biologist and works with birds and amphibians. He offers half or full-day guided tours, weekend or by arragements tours can be organized for any number of days to the best birding hot spots. For more information, please contact: Carlos Henrique ornithocarlos@gmail.com Cel.: 55 19 8100 8806.

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

**See Individual Brazilian State Pages for more reports….

2007 [10 October] - Nick Athanas


Ask me what comes first to mind when I hear the world “Brazil”, and I might mention the great birds, nice Brazilian hospitality, the Churrascurias, Caipirinhas, futebol, beaches covered with sun-loving locals, the beautiful landmarks of Rio, and the like….

2008 [10 October] - Nick Athanas


This is the fifth time I’ve done this itinerary and again it was a fun and very productive trip. It’s a fast-paced tour that covers a lot of ground, but that gives the chance to sample a great variety of habitats and go for lots of those very localized endemics that Brazil is so famous for…

2009 [08 August] - Nick Athanas - Pantanal & Amazon


It’s a hard combo to beat – the vast primeval Amazonian forests of Cristalino and the non-stop wildlife show of the Pantanal, where pretty much the only way to stop seeing stuff is to close your eyes. There’s also a bit of cerrado birding thrown in to add some spice and variety, where you can quickly see a bunch of neat birds not available elsewhere on the tour…

2009 [09 September] - Marcelo Padua - The Amazon, Pantanal & Atlantic Forest

PDF Report

Our inaugural trip to Brazil was a smashing hit that offered a taste of what this beautiful country has to offer and the opportunity to see as many birds in as little time as possible. With an astounding checklist of over 1800 species of birds, our 20 day exploration of this magical destination produced more than a third (we recorded 640 species) of the country’s birds; some of which are among the most sought after birds in South America…

2009 [10 October] - Nick Athanas


Our 2009 Southeast Brazil tour was surprising in many ways. Only two people signed up for it, thanks in large part to the global recession. Even though time was short and I had already pretty much given up on the tour, I decided to run it anyway, a decision I nearly came to regret, as it was a struggle to get lodge space at short notice…

2010 [07 July] - Nick Athanas


Winter can be a beautiful time to bird Southeast Brazil. There was a bit of rain for the first couple of days before the clouds retreated and we had fantastic clear, balmy days for the rest of the tour, which certainly helped the bird list. We saw over 300 for the first time on this tour, exceeding even the typically more productive spring tours…

2010 [08 August] - Luciano Nicolas Naka


This tour can only be described by one word: spectacular. Few other tours offer such an efficient introduction to some of the most desired, rare, and wild creatures of the Neotropics. Jaguars, Maned Wolf, Giant Anteaters, Giant Otters, Tapirs, Peccaries, Jaguarundi, Porcupines, six species of primates, three species of deer, and an impressive list of 435 species of birds and 25 species of mammals, in only two weeks…

2010 [08 August] - Nick Athanas


With the incredible diversity of the pristine Amazon forests of Cristalino and the unmatched wildlife spectacle of the Pantanal, combined with a series of great lodges, it is impossible not to have a great time on this tour…

2010 [09 September] - Chuck Bell - Itatiaia, Ubatuba, Guainumbi


We arrived in Rio around 8:30 am and cleared formalities quickly. Our driver, Eugenio Souza, was waiting for us. He is a birder and took us immediately to a Burrowing Owl along the airport highway network…

2010 [10 October] - Adam Riley


Brazil, one of the most biodiverse countries on the planet, is a dream destination for any naturalist - and especially so for birders! During this tour we explored the celebrated Pantanal, the planet’s largest wetland, encompassing 250,000 sq kms of emerald forests, savannas, swathing rivers and shallow lagoons; as well as the verdant Amazon rainforest with its amazing diversity of avifauna rivalled nowhere else on earth.

2011 [07 July] - Scott Bowers


Two-week trip to Brazil with stops in the Pantanal and the Atlantic Coast near Salvador…

2011 [10 October] - Miguel Castelino

PDF Report

Brazil, for good reason, remains one of the most visited countries in South America amongst birdwatchers and nature lovers alike. Its variety of habitats and more than 1800 bird species (including 211 endemics) makes it one of the planet’s most unique and rewarding destinations to explore, and our tour total of over 500 species in just 19 days reflects the awesome avian potential of this vast and biologically spectacular nation.

2013 [04 April] - Fred Tavares - Northeast Endemics

PDF Report

…We managed to see 85 endemic species and recorded a total of 452 species including over 40 Antbirds, many endemic. It has been neglected by ornithologists until recently, with the discovery of many new species to science many of which we saw, not least of these being the superb Araripe Manakin and the Pink-legged Graveiteiro….

2013 [09 September] - John Rowlett & Andy Foster - Serra dos Tucanos


…While these are all Atlantic Forest endemics, we also had some great encounters with more widespread species that knocked our socks off: like the choreographed pas de deux by Streamer-tailed Tyrants and Black-capped Donacobius, the remarkably friendly Red-legged Seriema that responded to a suggestion rather than playback, a most unusual red morph Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, and a pair of downright dangerous Giant Antshrikes….

2013 [10 October] - Andy Foster

PDF Report

…The hummingbird feeders were busy with Black Jacobins, Violet-capped Woodnymphs and Sombre Hummingbirds, the banana feeders were regularly visited by Brazilian Tanager, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Chestnut-bellied and Violaceous Euphonias, the dazzling Blue-naped Chlorophonia, Azure-shouldered, Golden-chevroned, Green-headed, Olive-green, Ruby-crowned and Sayaca Tanagers and Maroon-bellied and Plain Parakeets. We also had our first sightings of Spot-billed Toucanet and the stunning Blond-crested Woodpecker! During the first day we saw a total of 69 species, most of which were seen from the lodge verandas!…

2013 [10 October] - Marcelo Padua - Pantanal


…as well as the Gray-breasted Crake that paraded in the open for us several times. But these were not the only birds that made our visit so rewarding. The usual highlights were all present, with Hyacinth Macaws flying around our lodge every day, Jabirus at every pond, Blaze-winged Parakeets performing above our expectations, and a collection of passerines that are almost exclusive to the pantanal, such as Mato Grosso Antbird, White-lored Spinetail, Fawn-breasted Wren, and Plain Tyrannulet, among others….

2013 [11 November] - Eduardo Patrial - Southeast Brazil

PDF Report

…Despite the light rain when we arrived, birds were very active and we had a fantastic afternoon birding the pristine forest here. Good quality and nice endemics were seen – Red-browed Parrot, Blond-crested Woodpecker, White-throated Woodcreeper, Black-headed Berryeater, Red- billed Curassow, White-necked Hawk and the elusive Solitary Tinamou going to roost along some of the side dirt roads in the reserve…

2013 [11 November] - Forrest Rowland - NE Brazil

PDF Report

…Our List Totals of 501 birds and 15 species of mammals (including such specials as Lear’s Macaw, Araripe Manakin, Bahia Tapaculo, and Pink-legged Graveteiro) reflect not only how diverse the region is, but just how rich it can be from day to day….

2013 [12 December] - Andy Foster - Serra dos Tucanos

PDF Report

Annotated list….

2014 [02 February] - Niels Poul Dreyer - Northeast Brazil

PDF Report

…We found most of the endemic birds and saw about 450 species including 90 country endemics and 53 restricted range species (3 critically endangered, 11 endangered, 14 vulnerable, 25 near-threatened) but I would guess we could have seen perhaps 10 more special species if we had a fulltime guide. We decided to have at least two nights at each place and about 2-3 days in order to avoid too many conjunctive driving days. The trip went well most of the time and we had few logistical problems. However driving and navigation is an issue as indicated in the driving section….

2014 [02 February] - Peter Friedmann - Reserva Ecologica do Guapiasu


…The way up is good with spot-billed toucanet (responding to the amazing deep, bark-like call), thrush-like woodcreeper, pin-tailed mannakin, white-throated spadebill. The high point of the walk develops towards the top where we came upon a young black vulture who seemed injured or anyway unable to fly….

2015 [06 June] - South Brazil

PDF Report

This was our first tour to the endemic rich Southern Brazil and what a delight it was. With so many varied habitats from Atlantic Rainforest to Araucaria Forest, Pampas, extensive marshlands, coastal swamps and one of the biggest and most amazing wetlands we have ever seen.

2015 [07 July] - Catherine McFadden - Atlantic Forest


At that time we had decided that we would return someday to bird the Atlantic forest region of eastern Brazil, a rapidly disappearing habitat that is home to an astounding 180 or so endemic species. Cathy’s plans to attend an international conference near São Paulo in June 2015 now provided us with the perfect opportunity to tack on a two week birding trip plus a visit to Iguazú Falls, a site we’d long wanted to see. Early July (mid-winter in the southern hemisphere) is not, however, the optimal time to bird the Atlantic forest. Many species are not calling prior to the start of the breeding season, some endemics (Swallow-tailed Cotinga, Black-legged Dacnis, Frilled Coquette) are absent, and others (White-bearded Antshrike, Slaty Bristlefront) simply don’t seem to respond to tape at this time of year. On the plus side, the temperatures are very pleasant (especially along the coast where it can be beastly hot in summer), and the weather is supposed to be dry. Or so we were told…

2015 [07 July] - John Clark & Eduardo Patrial - Amazonia NP, Carajas, Caxias and southern Brazil.

PDF Report

...Immediately we saw a pair of obliging Natterer’s Slaty Antshrikes. Other birds showing well included Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant, Elegant Woodcreeper, Green-backed Trogon, a pair of Amazonian Inezias and four Pied Plovers on the beach by the impressive Rio Tapajos. Returning by a different route a calling Brown-chested Barbet initially proved impossible to locate but eventually gave good views through binoculars and telescope.

2015 [08 August] - Eduardo Patrial - Jaguars & Birds of Brazil

PDF Report

... the impressive Hyacinth Macaw, hundreds of water birds as Jabirus, Woodstorks, Southern Screamers, Sunbitterns and Sungrebes, and even Agami and Zigzag Herons, flocks of Nacunda Nighthawks, the comely Nanday Parakeet, the uncommon White-fronted Woodpecker and a fantastic array of Passerines including Great Rufous Woodcreeper, Black-bellied Antwren, White-eyed Attila, Subtropical Doradito, Red-crested Cardinal, Scarletheaded Blackbird and hundreds more.

2015 [09 September] - Dave Sargeant - South-east Brazil, the Pantanal & Cerrado


...Few notable birds en route other than Yellow-rumped Marshbird, Whistling Heron and Burrowing Owl. We arrived at Intervales around noon, with the afternoon spent around the lodge and a few short walks in the vicinity. Some highlights were Red-and-white Crake, White-necked Thrush, Green-billed Toucan, Pileated Parrot, Giant Antshrike, Grey-hooded Flycatcher, Amethyst Woodstar, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Dusky-tailed Antbird, Hangnest Tody-Tyrant, Rufous-crowned Greenlet and Creamy-bellied Thrush.

2015 [09 September] - Eduardo Ormaeche

PDF Report

Our Heart of Brazil: Cerrado, Amazon, and Pantanal custom tour 2015 was a great success, and our clients were some of our best tours people ever! This tour is a true birding and naturalist’s dream for those who come to the Neotropics, especially for the first time.

2015 [10 October] - Marcelo Padua - The Pantanal & More


With well over 1800 species of birds Brazil has many remarkable places to go birding, but Canastra National Park certainly occupies a high position in the rank of birding destinations within the country. Its diversity of habitats such as the grasslands of the upper reaches of the mountain range with breathtaking vistas holds an enormous diversity of endemic plants, many of which were in bloom during our visit...

2015 [11 November] - Bret Whitney - Amazon


Field Guides Tour Report Brazil: Great Rivers of the Amazon II 2015 Oct 26, 2015 to Nov 7, 2015 Bret Whitney & Pepe Rojas For our tour description, itinerary, past triplists, dates, fees, and more, please VISIT OUR TOUR PAGE. See this triplist in printable PDF format with media only on page 1. Seeing the bizarre Bald Parrot, only recently described to science, was certainly among the top experiences for everyone on Field Guides' inaugural "Exploring the Madeira-Tapajos Interfluvium" tour to this region! (4K video copyright Bret Whitney) Field Guides’ inaugural run of the “Great Rivers of the Amazon: Birding the Madeira-Tapajos Interfluvium” tour might be described as a complicated success. Complicated in a “mother-naturedly” kind of way, as the tour was preceded by nearly three months of extraordinarily dry conditions that dictated we alter our route quite dramatically. Successful in that we generated a fine list of specialties of the central Amazon, made some exciting discoveries about what occurs where, went birding in numerous places no one had ever before investigated, and had a whole lot of fun living on the boat for nigh on two weeks...

2015 [12 December] - Andy Foster - Atlantic Forest

PDF Report

...We had a great morning’s birding and saw some excellent species including Rufous-capped Motmot, Red-necked Tanager, Buff-fronted Foliage Gleaner, Plain-winged Woodcreeper, a male Spotbilled Toucanet, Buff-bellied Puffbird, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Star-throated Antwren, Whiteshouldered Fire-eye, Black-cheeked Gnateater, Eared Pygmy Tyrant, Rufous-thighed Kite, Chestnutbellied Euphonia and Black-throated Grosbeak...

2016 [01 January] - Rob Gordijn - NE Brazil

PDF Report

A three-week independent trip to NE Brazil together with Marten Hornsveld and Vivian Jacobs. For logistic convenience we decided to do a roundtrip from Salvador, leaving birding around Fortaleza for a next trip. We visited the Atlantic Rainforest sites of Tamandare, Frei Caneca, Murici, Estancia, Michelin, Boa Nova, Serra Bonita and Mata do Passarinho. Furthermore, we explored the Caatinga inland at Chapada Diamantina, Canudos and Crato...

2016 [03 March] - Peter Luetchford - Atlantic Forest


...The afternoon was much quieter but we still managed to pick up White-eyed Parakeet, Chicli Spinetail, Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, White-barred Piculet, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Whiskered Myiobius, Golden-crowned Warbler and Magpie Tanager. Rain was threatening so by 17.15 we were back at the lodge, and by 17.30 the heavens opened, so all good timing! We had a fantastic first day birding the Lodge grounds and saw a total of 67 species, of which 27 were Atlantic forest endemics!..

2016 [07 July] - Peg Abbott - Pantanal, Caraça & Trilha dos Toucanos

PDF Report

2016 [08 August] - Kevin Zimmer - Pantanal

PDF Report

Our 2016 Pantanal Safari served up the usual generous helpings of birds, mammals, and other wildlife that we have come to expect from “South America’s Serengeti.” For most, if not all of us, the number one objective of the trip was to see Jaguars, and see them we did, as we enjoyed daily encounters with these magnificent cats, involving a total of 6 different individuals!

2016 [09 September] - Kevin Zimmer - Iguaçu Falls National Park

PDF Report

This short extension was centered on three days of birding in Iguaçu Falls National Park (Paraná state, Brazil), where the spectacle of the world’s greatest waterfalls provided the backdrop for some great birding. Our hikes along the river from our lovely hotel were highlighted by close encounters with Toco Toucans, mobs of elegant Plush-crested Jays, restless pairs of kaleidoscopic Green-headed Tanagers, and, for those who stayed out until near dusk, hordes of Great Dusky Swifts.

2016 [10 October] - Marcelo Padua - Safari Brazil: The Pantanal & More


With well over 1800 species of birds Brazil has many remarkable places to go birding, but Canastra National Park certainly occupies a high position in the rank of birding destinations within the country. Its diversity of habitats such as the grasslands of the upper reaches of the mountain range with breathtaking vistas holds an enormous diversity of endemic plants, many of which were in bloom during our visit...

2016 [11 November] - Andy Foster

PDF Report

...We did however pick up several species during the afternoon including Burnished Buff Tanager, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Scaled Woodcreeper, Pallid Spinetail, Crested Oropendola, Rufous-collared Sparrow, Dusky-legged Guan, Picazuro Pigeon, Hooded Siskin, Rufous-headed Tanager, Azure-shouldered Tanager, Sayaca Tanager, Yellow-legged Thrush, Bananaquit and Buff-fronted Foliage Gleaner...

2016 [11 November] - Nick Athanas - Southeast Brazil

PDF Report

...Bare-throated Bellbird – even though it is easily heard, it is often surprisingly hard to see. A few others of note included Hooded Berryeater, Rufous-tailed Attila, Ochre-collared Piculet, Star-throated Antwren, Olivaceous Elaenia, Brown-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant, and Greenish Tyrannulet....

2016 [12 December] - Eduardo Patrial - Southeast Brazil

PDF Report

...Greater Rhea, Solitary Tinamou, Black-fronted Piping Guan, East Brazilian and Scaled Chachalacas, Red-billed Curassow, Scarlet Ibis, White-necked and Mantled Hawks, Harpy Eagle, Black Hawk-Eagle, Grey-bellied and Bicolored Hawks, Giant and Slaty-breasted Wood Rails, Rufous-sided, Red-and-white and Uniform Crakes, Blackish and Plumbeous Rails, Buff-breasted Sandpiper, South American Painted-Snipe....

2017 [01 January] - Bret Whitney - Northeast Brazil


Top votegetters for “bird of the trip” were Buff-fronted Owl (beautiful views of this mysterious little owl), Lear’s Macaw, Araripe Manakin, Hooded Visorbearer, Great Xenops, Fringe-backed Fire-eye, and Short-tailed Antthrush (each of which got multiple votes, no surprise!), followed by a list of a dozen others that garnered a single vote each (like White-collared Kite!)...

2017 [02 February] - Andy Foster - Atlantic Forest

PDF Report

...but we did pick up Maroon-bellied Parakeets, Ruby-crowned Tanager, Rufous-collared Sparrow, Brazilian Ruby and Violet-capped Woodnymph....

2018 [05 May] - Andy Foster

PDF Report

Manfred and Anna arrived on the flight from Frankfurt with Lufthansa at 05.00 and our driver Serginho collected them in arrivals and then came via the Linx hotel to collect me as I had arrived from the UK the night before.

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Serra dos Tucanos Lodge - South - East Brazil


Serra dos Tucanos Lodge, South - East Brazil Situated in the Tres Picos State Park in the heart of the Atlantic rain forest Serra dos Tucanos Lodge nestles in a valley surrounded by pristine forest. English owned and managed we cater specifically for birders and naturalists, providing very comfortable accommodation, great food and most importantly fantastic birding! 400+ species already recorded, 100 of which are endemic! Various trails and guided birding excursions available. Only 1½ hours from Rio de Janeiro International Airport, transfers available. Please visit our website for further information or e-mail serradostucanos@hotmail.com


A Passarinhóloga


Blog from Brazilian birder and ornithologist…

Birding Brazil


Reports, reflections, and resources of an independent birder (Derek Kverno) living in Brazil…

Other Links

Atualidades ornitologicas


Bem-vindo ao mundo das aves! Welcome to the bird's world! Brazilian Ornithological Web Site…

Aves de Rapina Brasil - Brazilian Raptors


Reportagem sobre a Reserva biológica das Perobas. Lá se encontram aves raras como o gavião-pato (Spizaetus melanoleucus) e o urubu-rei (Sarcoramphus papa) Tais registros revelam a grande biodiversidade que a rebio abriga, e sua grande importância para estas espécies, Assistam o video acima. Agradecemos a RPC TV Cultura pela divulgação do trabalho e também ao Instituto Chico Mendes pelo apoio de campo…

Birds of Brazil


Birds of Brazil videos

Brazilian Birds of Prey - Aves de Rapina Brasil


Brazilian raptors with good species accounts, videos, and many excellent photos; created and maintained by Willian Menq Santos…

Ciro Albano - NE Brazil Birding


Birds of Northeast Brazil, Photos, bird photography etc…

Land Birds of Southeast Brazil


On line fieldguide to the Land Birds of Southeast Brazil…

Marcelo Padua's Site


After a few years of guiding birdwatchers I decided to get a little camera and start photographing during the tours I organize with the intention of giving my clients a few pictures at the end of each trip. It turned into a nice hobby and my image bank started growing a lot. As time went by many of my clients started to ask me to post my pictures on the web and my new clients wanted me to send some pictures, to get used to the birds they would see during the trip. This website is a response to those clients and I hope that it may help others to prepare for trips to Brazil. Most of the pictures were taken at the Pantanal or Cerrado because that is where most of my tours take place…

NE Endemics


Observacao de Aves e Fotografia


Eduardo Silva Franco is a Biologist Animal Behaviour Specialist…



Ornithos Website offers Live Cams showing wildlife from South America.,,

Ornitologia no Brasil


Ainda existe um longo caminho a percorrer antes que possamos dizer que conhecemos as aves brasileiras tão bem quanto é necessário para garantir sua conservação e sua sobrevivência, e para garantir que ainda estejam todas por aí quando nossos bisnetos nascerem…

Roda de Passarinho


Renato Rizzaro and Gabriela Giovanka created the Birdie wheel in 2003, initially at the School of St. Leonard, where is located the Reserve Rio das Furnas, PRNP owned by the couple. Since then they have shown the Birdie wheel in expeditions to the Brazilian biomes.

Some places for birding practice


There are a lot of places where in Brazil where birding is possible. Parks and gardens don`t lack in the majority of the cities, but in natural areas that we can see more species and in bigger quantity…

Songs of Brazilian birds


The luxuriant diversity of Brazilian nature also expresses itself in the huge variety of bird songs. The selection made for this CD tries to illustrate the richness of the biodiversity in Brazil. Songs amongst the most beautiful, strange, or rare birds from all habitats have been selected from Amapá to Rio Grande do Sul.

Sounds of Nature


As we all know Brazil is the country with the greatest biodiversity in the world, and this gives us a responsibility to preserve all the elements that form it, but it is necessary to know all the species, study them and find the best possible ways to protect them.



A Enciclopédia das Aves do Brasil - Bem-vindo ao WikiAves, um site de conteúdo interativo direcionado à comunidade brasileira de observadores de aves, com o objetivo de apoiar, divulgar e promover a atividade de observação de aves, fornecendo gratuitamente ferramentas avançadas para controle de fotos, sons, textos, identificação de espécies, comunicação entre observadores entre outras. Navegue, participe e descubra como funciona o WikiAves!

The Encyclopedia of the Birds of Brazil - Welcome to the WikiAves, a site of interactive content directed the Brazilian community of birdwatchers, with the objective to support, showcase and to promote birding through photos songs & calls, texts, identification of species, communication between observers among other things.

Photographers & Artists

Adrian Braidotti - Aves de Brasil


Fotografias de Aves - Bird Photographs from Brasil

Artist - Tomas Sigrist - Avis Brasilis


Twenty years ago, when I started to study the neotropical birds, I was excited about the discovery of nature and about the challenges of the work I had in mind. So, I decided to travel to places inside the country, trying to observe as much species as possible. That period of learning helped me a lot to know the birds and gave me some worry about their future. In a short time I understood it was impossible for me to capture the simple essence of the complex structure of a bird in a drawing…

Film - Edson Rosa do Nascimento


Birds of Brazil videos in HDV

Photographer - Arthur Grosset


Most of my South American photos have been taken in Brazil. As a result, I tend to use the English and Scientific Names as established by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee…

Photographer - Carlos Henrique


I am a bird photographer, I live in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, and offer half or full-day guided tours, weekend or by arragements tours can be organized for any number of days (8 hours a day) to the best birding hot spots in and around São Paulo State. My specialty are birds like Hummingbirds, Tanagers and Finches. But if you are interested in Parrots, Birds of Pray, Toucans etc, I know where to find them.

Photographer - Glenn Bartley


Fantastic photos from Glenn

Photographer - Joao Quental


Pictures of Brazilian Birds…

Sound Recordist - Juan Pablo Culasso


I am Juan Pablo Culasso. I was born in Uruguay in 1986 but six years ago I moved to Brazil. I am blind since birth but this think is not an obstacle to do a great job like the bird recordings. A 73 minutes soundscape showing a range of this damaged Brazilian rain forest. The aim of the work is only to arrive to US$1300 to buy a complete stereo recording system to raise my recordings using a parabola…



Photos of brazilian birds…