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Co-operative Republic of Guyana

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin ©David Shackelford Website

Guyana where the Caribbean meets South America

Guyana, a country of exceptional natural beauty, is a splendid combination of the Caribbean and South America, with fascinating touches of a sometimes turbulent past. Perched on the north-east corner of the South American continent, Guyana stretches 450 miles from its long Atlantic coastline into dense equatorial forest and the broad savannah of the Rupununi.

The picturesque capital and primary port is Georgetown, a city of comfortable, modern hotels, fine colonial buildings, and broad, tree-lined boulevards. The striking wooden architecture is reminiscent of Guyana's centuries as a Dutch, and then a British colony. Georgetown offers an evocative introduction to the land of Guyana. Don't miss the imposing St. George's Cathedral, reputed to be the tallest wooden building in the world.

Life in Guyana is dominated by mighty rivers, including the Demerara, the Berbice and the Essequibo, which provide essential highways into the rain forests and jungles of the interior. Mankind has made little impact here, and today Guyana remains one of the world's most exciting destinations for adventuresome travel and exploration.

Setting out for the interior by boat, light aircraft or 4x4, you encounter the extraordinary natural heritage of Guyana spreading out like a tropical carpet. Jaguar still roam the rain forest, and the unearthly cries of troupes of howler monkeys echo through the trees. The Giant River Otter, the Black Caiman, and the Arapaima (the largest freshwater fish in the world) swim in the rivers of the Rupununi. Flashes of scarlet, yellow and blue burst through the forest's intense green as Macaws fly like arrows across a clearing in the canopy. Toucans, and the awesome Harpy Eagle, swoop through the trees, while the beautiful but elusive Guyana Cock-of-the-Rock lingers around the waters of Kaieteur Falls. More than 700 indigenous species of birds adorn Guyana's forests.

The tumbling rivers and dense rainforests of Guyana are filled with extraordinary natural sights. Kaieteur Falls, where the 400-foot wide Potaro River plunges 741 feet downward from the Pakaraima Plateau, is one of the world's great waterfalls. The magnificence of Kaieteur stands beyond any comparison in its majesty and sheer size. You can also visit the striking beauty of the Orinduik Falls, the Marshall Falls, the Kaieteur Gorge and remote Mount Roraima - the inspiration for Conan Doyle's Lost World.

For the adventurer, Guyana is a place of wonder; for the eco-tourist, it is a country where nature has placed its greatest riches. Feel the beauty of the nature whisper across your heart. Discover an experience never to be forgotten. Discover the extraordinary wilderness of Guyana.


Nigel S Paltoo

Owner Operator Guyanatours



Number of Species

Number of bird species: 796

As at November 2016




iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

A Field Checklist of the Birds of Guyana

by Michael J. Braun, Davis W. Finch, Mark B. Robbins, & Brian K. Schmidt - Publication 41 of the Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC, US

Where to Watch Birds in South America

by Nigel Wheatley - 431 pages, b/w illus, maps - Christopher Helm 1994

ISBN: 0713639091

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

National Bird

Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin

Tourist Association of Guyana

Guyana, a country of exceptional natural beauty, is a splendid combination of the Caribbean and South America, with fascinating touches of a sometimes turbulent past. Perched on the north-east corner of the South American continent, Guyana stretches 450 miles from its long Atlantic coastline into dense equatorial forest and the broad savannah of the Rupununi.


Iwokrama - International Centre For Rain Forest Conservation And Development


Iwokrama is an autonomous not-for-profit research and development institution established by Guyana and the Commonwealth to demonstrate how tropical forest biodiversity may be conserved and sustainably utilised for ecological, social and economic benefits…


Abbreviations Key

Kaieteur National Park


Satellite View

Kaieteur National Park is a National Park located in the Potaro-Siparuni Region of Guyana. The Park's boundaries and purpose are defined in the Kaieteur National Park Act, and was created to preserve the natural scenery (including Kaieteur Falls), and its fauna and flora.

Rupununi Savannahs


Satellite View

The savannahs are divided north from south, by the Kanuku Mountains, Guyana's most biologically diverse region. According to Conservation International, the area supports a large percentage of Guyana's bio-diversity, including 250 species of bird life, 18 of which are native only to the lowland forests of the Guianas…

Guides & Tour Operators

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Andean Trails - Rainforest & Rivers - Birdwatching

Tour Operator

Join us on a birdwatching tour through the Guyana's lush and fascinating rainforest and along its impressive network of rivers. The difference in landscape from rainforest to Savannah create a wide variety of bird species, keeping an eye out for birds such as the Pearl Kite, the White-tailed and Savannah Hawk, the Rufous-crowned Elaenia, the Black Manakin and the Red-shouldered Tanager. And of course the colourful, bright orange Guianan Cock-of-the Rock…

Birding Ecotours

Tour Operator

Guyana, South America’s “Biggest Little Secret”, is an unspoiled, untouched, pristine nature destination. With its natural beauty, biological diversity, and land of some of the world’s largest, rarest, and most spectacular creatures, a trip to Guyana will be an unforgettable experience for everyone. Guyana’s natural beauty is unsurpassable, with 75% of the country covered with rainforest…

Guyana Naturally

Tour Operator

In Guyana more than 800 species of birds from 72 different families have been documented. Plus, there are many more species that remain unidentified. Guyana's coastal capital city, Georgetown, hosts more than 200 of these species from 39 families alone…

Neblina Forest

Tour Operator

…just over 800 species of birds have been recorded in Guyana, making it an ideal destination for birdwatchers the world over…

Reef & Rainforest

Tour Operator

Little-visited but with a great diverse number of landscapes and wildlife together with a friendly, English-speaking population, unspoilt Guyana is emerging as one of the natural world’s best kept secrets…

Rockjumper Birding Tours

Tour Operator

Guyana is undoubtedly one of South America’s top birding destinations, and our comprehensive tour includes some of Earth’s most unexplored wildernesses. Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, Capuchinbird and Harpy Eagle are just some of the birding highlights, while an extension to Lethem allows us to search for the endangered Sun Parakeet – and much more besides.

Sunrise Birding

Tour Operator

Guyana really does offer something special. A small South American country nestled on the Atlantic Coast east of Venezuela and west of Suriname, it is one of the last unexplored wild places on earth yet offers incredible access into a great variety of pristine habitats…

Trip Reports

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Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2010 [11 November] - David Shackelford


Due to a tiny population and an incredibly high proportion of undisturbed habitat, Guyana hosts some of the last relatively unexplored wildernesses on Earth. A variety of pristine ecosystems occur here, from lowland rainforests that stretch as far as the eye can see, to the savannas and waterways of the famed Rupununi region, and on this tour we explored them all…

2010 [12 December] - Eustace Barnes

Tour Operator

…The trip was organised and very ably led by Eustace Barnes, assisted by Chris Abrams, using Wilderness Explorers www.wilderness-explorers.com as the ground agent throughout. Mostly, the logistics worked very well, which is saying a lot in a country where both infrastructure and transport are problematic…

2011 [03 March] - Sjef Öllers - Guyana & Suriname

Report PDF

The main aim of this holiday was to get an introduction to the wildlife of the Guyanas with, as always, mammals and birds being the main focus. The birding far exceeded my expectations: sightings of purple-breasted and pompadour cotinga, Guianan red-cotinga, capuchinbird, Guianan cock-of-the-rock, purple-throated and crimson fruitcrow, scarlet ibis and two! harpy eagles were unforgettable….

2012 [09 September] - Eustace Barnes

Report PDF

…A modest total of 417 bird and 20 mammal species was recorded but we did find nearly all of our targets and a great many other rarities besides. These included numerous beautiful Agami Herons, a dozen Rufous Crab Hawks, a magnificent male Harpy Eagle, several groups of Grey-winged Trumpeters, the stunning Sun Parakeet, Blue-cheeked Amazon, two White-winged Potoos, White-bellied Piculet, the lovely Blood-coloured Woodpecker, the pretty Hoary-throated Spinetail, great views of Black-throated Antshrike, Rio Branco Antbird, Bearded Tachuri, White-naped Xenopsaris, the localised Black Manakin, Guianan Red Cotinga, Dusky Purpletuft, Purple-breasted and Pompadour Cotingas, a Capuchinbird lek, two Guianan Cock of the Rock leks, a stunning Crimson Fruitcrow, the very rare Blue-backed Tanager, the even more rarely seen Red and Black Grosbeak, Rose-breasted Chat and last but by no means least the endangered Red Siskin…

2012 [11 November] - Fabrice Schmitt

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…We include 45 range restricted species in this report and in total of around 375 species including 9 species of Cotinga, 13 species of Woodpecker and 29 species of Antbirds….

2012 [11 November] - Steve Bird

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…There were many highlights including our own male Harpy Eagle found at Turtle Mountain, displaying Guianan Cock-of-the Rock, a day roosting Long-tailed Potoo, superb views of the rarely seen Crested Doradito and nearby three Bearded Tachuri’s. Blood-coloured Woodpeckers and Rufous Crab Hawks performed wonderfully on the coast, as did dozens of strange looking Hoatzins from our special boat trip…

2013 [12 December] - Zoothera Birding

PDF Report

…Fabulous views of Harpy Eagle, Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock, Hoatzin, White Bellbird, Crimson Fruitcrow, White-winged and Long-tailed Potoos, lots of Cotingas, Capuchinbirds, close views of Rufous-winged Ground-Cuckoo, 4 Ocellated Crakes, gorgeous Sun Parakeets, stunning Red Siskin, Crested Doradito, Bearded Tachuri, 5 species of Macaw, and many other super birds and mammals including two magnificent Jaguars….

2014 [02 February] - Fabrice Schmitt

Report PDF

Guyana. First visited by Europeans in 1498; therefore its history as a country state stretches back about 500 years, Guyana's past is punctuated by battles fought and won, possessions lost and regained as the Spanish, French, Dutch and British wrangled for centuries to own the land. Guyana achieved independence from Great Britain in 1966.

2014 [11 November] - Chris Sharpe

PDF Report

...Highlights of our trip included prolonged views of hunting Orange-breasted Falcons, multiple encounters with Guianan Cock-of-the-rock, saturation views of Dusky Purpletufts, lekking Capuchinbirds, Pompadour Cotingas, an Ocellated Crake, Giant Anteaters, Giant River Otters, and six species of primate... Our extension gave us great views of Sun Parakeet, Rio Branco Antbird, Hoary-throated Spinetail and a couple of Red Siskins, all of which are threatened species with restricted ranges....

2014 [11 November] - Diego Calderon

PDF Report

...In the afternoon, some people looked for birds from the hotel balcony and saw Pale-breasted Thrush, Burnished-buff Tanager, Red-capped Cardinal, and even some Jacanas, Kingfishers, Cardinals and Pied Water Tyrant due to the system of water channels that flow all over the city....

2015 [02 February] - Bob Buckler

PDF Report

...After our walked we had time before breakfast to explore the garden area around the front of the buildings. We added House Wren and Barred Antshrike to our list, the Antshrike is a stunning bird we saw both male and female in short bursts. We also got better views of Band-r...

2015 [03 March] - Dave Stejskal & Ron Allicock


...Each venue in this region (Iwokrama River Lodge, Atta Lodge, and the Surama Eco-Lodge area) held their own prizes, and we came away delighted with our looks at Marail Guan, Black Curassow, Black-faced Hawk, Gray-winged Trumpeter, White-winged Potoo, Crimson Topaz, Bronzy and Great jacamars, Black-spotted Barbet, Guianan Toucanet, Ringed and Red-necked woodpeckers, Barred Forest-Falcon, Orange-breasted Falcon, Red-fan Parrot, Scarlet and Red-and-green macaws, a couple of dozen antbirds, Spotted Antpitta, yet more Guianan Cocks-of-the-rock, Crimson Fruitcrow, Capuchinbird, White-throated and Black manakins, Cayenne Jay, Rose-breasted Chat, and so many others. - See more at: http://fieldguides.com/triplists/guy15b.html#sthash.6xG261QL.dpuf

2015 [08 August] - Dick Meijer & Peter van Scheepen

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...We recorded 414 species of bird of which 37 were heard only and we saw 18 species of mammal. Our best birds included: Marail Guan, Crestless Curassow (just 1 ex.), Pinnated Bittern, Stripe–backed Bittern, Harpy Eagle (4 exx.), Rufous Crab Hawk, Azure Gallinule, Gray–winged Trumpeter, Pearly–breasted Cuckoo (2 exx.), Rufous–winged Ground–Cuckoo (3 exx.), White–winged Potoo, Racket–tailed Coquette, Blood–colored Woodpecker, Orange–breasted Falcon (4 exx.), Sun Parakeet (9 exx.), Rio Branco Antbird, Ferruginous–backed Antbird, Red–billed Woodcreeper, Hoary–throated Spinetail, Bearded Tachuri, Crested Doradito, Guianan Red–Cotinga, Crimson Fruitcrow, Capuchinbird, Purple–breasted Cotinga, Dusky Purpletuft and White–naped Xenopsaris.

2016 [02 February] - Megan Crewe


...Bands of Hoatzins growled from dense bushes, raising their tails and spreading their wings in threat displays as we floated past. An American Pygmy-Kingfisher whirled from perch to perch over a trailside puddle. A Rufous Crab Hawk patiently scanned the ground from a telephone wire. A Mangrove Rail picked its way through tangled mangrove roots. A pair of Spotted Tody-Flycatchers chased insects through nearby trees, followed shortly by a pair of branch-gleaning White-bellied Piculets...

2016 [04 April] - Bret Whitney


...Birding our way east through miles of tall forest along the main road through the vast Iwokrama Rainforest Reserve, we arrived at Kurupukari just in time for an evening boat trip on the Essequibo River, for Ladder-tailed Nightjars. We dropped bags in our rooms, hustled to the boat-launch, and a few minutes later we had a male nightjar perched at close range, with a female in attendance as well. Also great out there was watching a bee-swarm-tight flock of perhaps 150 Black-collared Swallows suddenly dive out of the heavens to roost on rocky islands in the river. Before landing on the rocks, they and a few Barn Swallows with them whizzed around low overhead in a really impressive flight performance – thrilling stuff!...

2016 [11 November] - Chris Sharpe

PDF Report

...Highlights of our trip included prolonged views of Agami Herons, a nestling Harpy Eagle, close looks at Sungrebes and Grey-winged Trumpeters, spotlit studies of Tropical and Tawny-bellied Screech Owls, three species of potoo, multiple encounters with Least Nighthawks and White-tailed Nightjars, White-tipped Swifts scything through the curtain of water at Kaieteur Falls, a feisty Crimson Topaz on territory, incredible numbers of kingfishers on the Rupununi River, excellent looks at five species of jacamar, Guianan Puffbird at eye-level, eleven woodpeckers, Orangebreasted Falcon, fabulous looks at a pair of Guianan Red Cotingas...

2017 [01 January] - Megan Edwards Crewe


...Or the fierce Amazonian Pygmy-Owl with its cadre of whipped-up little locals trying desperately to drive it away. The gorgeous trio of Blue-backed Tanagers calling from roadside treetops surely qualify, as did the White-plumed and Rufous-throated Antbirds that swarmed around us on Turtle Mountain, the Guianan Toucanet that sat quietly digesting berries in a tree...

2017 [06 June] - David Milton - Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago


...we met Leon Moore, also a bird guide who showed us the Orange-breasted Falcon. He found some interesting gluten free snacks for us for breakfast, good for me as a coeliac. Not far on from 58 miles Snacket where we had lunch we saw 14 Grey-winged Trumpeters walking along the road....

2018 [03 March] - Keith Hansen

PDF Report

Before my accounting of the Naturalist Journeys 2018 tour to Guyana, I want to personally thank the many, many people who helped to create this incredible experience.

Places to Stay

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Timberhead Eco-resort


Located within an Amerindian reservation and reached only by boat, the Timberhead offers an unforgettable vacation experience. You live in the jungle lodges, built by native craftsmen using handcrafted local timber and thatched roofs. Each lodge offers double or twin rooms with all conveniences. An Amerindian family will be your hosts as you relax in the spacious open area with hammocks and window seats affording spectacular views of jungle and savannah…

Other Links

Biological Diversity of the Guiana Shield


The goal of the Biological Diversity of the Guiana Shield Program (BDG) is to document, understand, and conserve the biological diversity of the Guiana Shield area…

Birds of Guyana


The Iwokrama Canopy Walkway is a series of suspension bridges and decks of up to 30 metres in height and 154 metres in length, located in the Iwokrama Forest. It gives visitors a new view of the mid and upper canopy of the forest and allows wildlife to be relatively free from human intrusion which is a great lookout for birds…

Guyana Wildlife


Some info and images of the birds…

Photographers & Artists

Photographer - Glenn Bartley


More world class photos

Photographer - Glenn Bartley


World class photos