Tripura is a state in North-East India, with an area of 4,036 sq. mi. or 10,453 km². Tripura is surrounded by Bangladesh on the north, south, and west. The Indian states of Assam and Mizoram lie to the east. The capital is Agartala and the main languages spoken are Bengali and Kokborok (also known as Tripuri). It was formerly an independent Tripuri kingdom and was merged with independent India on 15 October 1949 by the Tripura Merger Agreement. It was also known as Hill Tippera (anglicized version of Tipra) during the British Raj period and has a history of over 2500 years and 186 kings
Tripura is a landlocked hilly state in northeastern India with altitudes varying from 50 to 3080 ft above sea level, though the majority of the population lives in the plains. Tripura has a tropical climate and receives rainfall during the monsoons. It is surrounded on the north, west, and south by Bangladesh and is accessible to the rest of India through the Karimganj district of Assam and Aizawl district of Mizoram in the east. The state extends between 22°56'N and 24°32'N and 90°09'E and 92°10'E. Its maximum stretch measures about 184 km from north to south and 113 km from east to west with an area of 10,492 km². Tripura is the third smallest state of the country.
Although landlocked, Tripura has many rivers including the Manu River which originates here.
The state is located in the bio-geographic zone of 9B-North-East Hills and possesses an extremely rich bio-diversity. The local flora and faunal components of Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese sub-regions. There are 379 species of trees, 320 shrubs, 581 herbs, 165 climbers, 16-climbing shrubs, 35 ferns, and 45 epiphytes.
Wildlife sanctuaries of the state are Sipahijola, Gumti, Rowa and Trishna wildlife sanctuaries. National parks of the state are Clouded Leopard National Park and Rajbari National Park. These protected areas cover a total of 566.93 km2 (218.89 sq mi). Gumti is also an Important Bird Area. In winter, thousands of migratory waterfowl throng Gumti and Rudrasagar lakes.
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Number of Species
Number of bird species: 499
(As at December 2018)
State Bird: Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
WS IBA Gumti
This sanctuary is the place for many animals like elephants, sambar, buffalo, yapping deer, sarow and wild goat and numerous more. Reptiles have additionally discovered a home in the sanctuary. The home spreads a range of 389.54 km2 and is rich in flora and fauna. It is found close to the sanctuary is a huge water reservoir involving a region of 300 km2. A few inhabitant and migratory birds flock to this repository and henceforth might be spotted effectively. Invest some opportunity viewing the colourful fowls and take back home a few remembrances as photos. It is the second home in state of Tripura.
WS NP Sipahijola
More than 150 species of birds are found here. Wonderful habitat of Sepahijala attracts lot of migratory birds of which Lesser Whistling Duck, White Ibis, Open-billed Stork is of prime importance…
WS NP Trishna
In Tripura, there are four Wildlife Sanctuary viz. Sepahijala, Trishna, Gumti and Rowa of which Trishna is of unique type. One can appreciate both in-situ and ex-situ conservation of flora and fauna at Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary…
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