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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus ©Early Birders Website

Nepal boasts over 800 species of birds around 8% of the world's recorded population. This is not surprising in a country which starts near sea level in the Terai Region and ascends through the low hills and the foothills to the mighty Himalayas and the highest place on earth, all within a distance of approximately 200km.

Bird Watching in the Kathmandu Valley
Within the Kathmandu Valley alone, over 500 species of birds have been recorded. The surrounding hills have primary and secondary forests of rhododendron, oak and pine forests. In addition, the wetlands and open fields inside the Valley make up a diverse habitat for many species of birds.

The most popular bird watching spot is Phulchoki Hill, the highest peak on the valley rim situated 20 km southeast of Kathmandu, more than 265 species have been recorded to date. The birds to be seen here include babblers, warblers, tits, thrushes, minivets, woodpeckers, eagles and many migrant birds. Godavari at the foot of Phulchoki hill where the Botanical Garden is situated has recorded over 100 species of birds including the lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Tibetan Siskin and the Spotted Forktail.

The Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve, situated 11km to the north of Kathmandu is another exciting location. Other great places are Nagarjun Forest on Jamacho Hill it is situated 5km from Kathmandu on the way to Kakani from Balaju. It delights bird enthusiasts with a wide variety of birds: Blue Magpies, Kalij Pheasants, Bonelli's Eagles, Great Himalayan Barbets and other exotic birds.

The wetlands in the Valley; the banks of the Manohara river on the way to Bhaktapur and the Bagmati river which flows into the valley from Shivapuri Hill and out through Chobhar Gorge are great places for watching waders and waterfowls. Harboring 40 species of birds mostly dependent on wetlands. Taudaha, lake on the way to Dakshinkali, attracts flocks of migrant birds especially from October to December.

Good roads lead to all these places and guides are also available. Accommodation is easy to find in the valley with a wide range of hotels to suit all pockets.

Popular Bird Watching Sites Outside the Kathmandu Valley

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is renowned for being one of the best locations for birding in Nepal. Situated within Nepal's sub-tropical Terai belt Koshi is the smallest (175 sq km) and the easternmost reserve in Nepal. It is situated just to the northeast of the convergence of the Sapt Koshi and Trijuga Khola rivers. Its location on the Sapt Koshi floodplain means that the environment of this reserve varies dramatically according to the seasons. During the Monsoon (June to September) the flow becomes torrential and covers most of the floodplain, whilst during the dry seasons many flat sandy islands are exposed. The habitat is a combination of scrub grassland and deciduous riverine forest. Over 280 species of birds have been recorded to date, including 20 species of duck, ibises, storks, swamp partridges Francolinus gularis; herons, egrets, Bengal floricans Eupodotis bengalensis and many other exotic and migratory waterfowl that are not found elsewhere in Nepal. To avoid the twelve-hour bus ride, it is advisable to take an internal air flight to Biratnagar from Kathmandu.

Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park Is approximately five hours by road from Kathmandu or a 30 minute flight, it situated in the Terai region. Chitwan is recognised as being one of Asia’s best National Parks. It is renowned for its array of birds with over 255 species recorded including many species of parakeets. Other birds include Blue-Throat (thrush); Long-tailed Nightjar, Indian Peafowl, Great Barbet, Red-billed Blue Magpie and Tickell's Red-breasted Blue Flycatcher. A two night/three day package staying at a lodge on the outskirts of the Park, is an ideal way to combine bird watching with other pursuits.

Trekking Regions
One of the best ways of viewing birds in Nepal is a leisurely trek through the foothills of the country. There are three popular trekking areas in Nepal: The Langtang Region, six hours by road north of Kathmandu, The Solu Khumbu (Everest) region eight hours by road (21-day trek) or a 45-minute flight (shorter 14 day trek) east of Kathmandu and the Annapurna region, six hours by road or a 30 minute flight west of Kathmandu. Of the three trekking regions, Langtang is different and offers a lot but the Annapurna Region offers the widest variety of species. The region is also easily accessible..

Annapurna Region
To set the scene a little. The Annapurna region is a Conservation Area (A.C.A.P); covering around 2600sq km in the north-central region of Nepal. The Kali Gandaki River (the world’s deepest gorge) runs north to south through the region some 6,000m below the peaks of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri massifs. Seven of these peaks are over 7,000m, the highest (Annapurna I) at 8,091m. A few facts and figures above, but as you can imagine the Annapurna region supports a remarkable but delicate biodiversity with over 440 recorded species of birds (so far); including the only endemic species of Nepal, the Spiny Babbler Turdoides nepalensis. Bird habitats range from the sub-tropical lowlands towards Pokhara in the south to dry sub-alpine conditions above the tree-line towards the north. The Kali Gandaki valley is also a major migration pathway in the autumn, when 40 species, including Demoiselle Cranes Anthropoides virgo; can be seen around Jomosom and Tukche. Happily, this coincides with one of the two trekking seasons (spring and autumn).

Migrating west about this time further south around Kaare and Dhampus are about 20 identified species of eagle and other birds of prey. The most commonly observed are: Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture); known as the Giddha in Nepal, it frequently occurs at 4,100m. Golden Eagle Aquila cryaetos, known as Baaj in Nepal.

There are six Himalayan pheasants to be found: Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus, Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra, (Crimson Horned Pheasant) Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus, Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha, Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii, Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelana, most commonly occurring of Nepali pheasants, though easily hunted.


Nick Fry

Nick is based in Nepal and handles various nature groups throughout the country



Early Bird Birders Website

Number of Species

National Bird: Himalayan Monal Ophophorus impejanus

Number of bird species: 891


Number of endemics: 1

Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

* Field Guides & Bird Song

For a comprehensive list of recommended titles covering Asia as a whole - please see the Asia page of Fatbirder - for guides etc. covering the Indian sub-continent please see the India page

A Field Guide to Birds of the Indian Subcontinent

Krys Kazmierczak, Ber van Perlo (Illustrator) Hardcover - 336 pages (30 May, 2000) The Pica Press

ISBN: 1873403798

Buy this book from NHBS.com

A Guide to the Birds of Nepal

C Inskipp and T Inskipp 400 pages, 8 col plates, b/w illus, 703 distribution maps. Christopher Helm 1991

ISBN: 0713681098

Buy this book from NHBS.com

A Photographic Guide to Birds of India and Nepal

Bikram Grewal, Bill Harvey and Otto Pfister 512 pages, 850 col photos, 800 maps. Christopher Helm

ISBN: 0713664037

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Field Guide to the Birds of Nepal

Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp and Tim Inskipp 288 pages, 110 col plates, 8 col photos. Christopher Helm 2000

ISBN: 0713651660

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Helm Identification Guides

By Richard Grimmett, Carol Inskipp & Tim Inskipp | Christopher Helm | Softcover | 2012 | Edition: 2 | 528 Pages | 226 Colour Plates | Colour Distribution Maps | Black & White Illustrations

ISBN: 9781408127636

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

Bird Conservation Nepal - BirdLife International Partner

Bird Conservation Nepal, PO Box 12465, Kathmandu, Nepal Email: bcn@mail.com.np Web: http://www.birdlifenepal.org/


Bird Conservation Nepal


PO Box 12465, Kathmandu, Nepal Email: bcn@mail.com.np Web:


Abbreviations Key

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve


Satellite View

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is an example of one of the finest birding sites in Asia. Koshi Tappu was established as a wildlife reserve in 1976 with an aim to protect the last remaining population of Asiatic Wild Buffaloes in Nepal. The reserve has a total area of 175sq. km. and is roughly rectangular in shape. The principal habitats in the reserve include: wetlands, grasslands and small patches of riverine forest. To date this is the only Ramsar Site (a wetland of international significance) in Nepal. More than half of Nepal's birds are recorded from Koshi Tappu! Among the mammals, besides Wild Water Buffaloes, the elusive Gangetic Dolphin and Fishing Cat are occasionally seen here.

National Parks


Nepal is endowed with rich and varied biodiversity.Altitudinal variances in short distance give Nepal's biogeography variety that range from lush moist forests and sparse alpine deserts to luxurious grasslands in lowland Terai. The mountainous country also shelters some of the world's most rare animals…

Royal Chitwan National Park


Satellite View

There are more than 43 species of mammals, over 450 species of birds, and more than 45 species of amphibians and reptiles in the park…

Sagarmatha National Park


Satellite View

Inskipp (1989) lists 152 species of birds, 36 of which are breeding species for which Nepal may hold internationally significant populations. The park is important for a number of species breeding at high altitudes, such as blood pheasant Ithaginis cruentus, robin accentor Prunella rubeculoides, white-throated redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps, grandala Grandala coelicolor and several rosefinches…



Nepal presently has 1 site designated as a Wetland of International Importance, with a surface area of 17,500 hectares…

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Anytime Tours

Tour Operator

Birding Ecotours prides itself on two things above all; tour quality and conservation and offer many trips world wide. They have teamed up with Fatbirder to offer exclusive 'anytime' tours to couples and small groups…

Birding Ecotours

Tour Operator

This 21 day trek is incorporates all the highlights of the bird-rich and spectacular Langtang valley. Our trekking route traverses one of the most spectacular Himalayan landscapes in Nepal. Includes Phulchowki mountain, rugged valleys around Kyanjin and the Langtang village, as well as the sacred Gosainkunda Lake (4300m above sea level).

Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Early Bird Birders


We are a dedicated Birding company based in Nepal that provides comprehensive ideas for a birding holiday here. With over 40 years of experience between the three us and under our new banner the website is designed to be both informative and simple to navigate. Birding is a journey so you don’t have to be an experienced Birder to enjoy a birding tour with us.

First 48

Tour Operator

First 48 are a UK based tour operator. They operate a number of bird/wildlife based tours (mainly in India/Nepal). Backpacker Tours & Adventure Travel. As a land only tour operator we greet all of our clients at the airport on their arrival. Experience has shown us that many budget flights tend to arrive in the early hours of the morning. After a long flight this can be a daunting time to have to arrange your own transport and accommodation, especially through the noise and apparent chaos that meets you when the airport doors close behind you.

Nepal Treking

Tour Operator

Lots of companies offering Nepal treks.

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2007 [05 May] - Stijn De Win


Annotated list and diary…

2008 [02 February] - Martin Tribe


Birdfinders’ 2008 tour to Nepal began with the group meeting at Heathrow for the flight to Doha (Qatar) and then onto Kathmandu. On landing at Kathmandu we were met by our local guide Suchet Basnet, who turned out to be an excellent birder with a terrific knowledge of Nepal’s birds, amazing eyes and ears when it came to finding birds and a great person to be with…

2010 [03 March] - Peter & Rosemary Royle


My husband, Peter and I had visited Nepal in January 1982 - we spent time at Chitwan, Pokhara and did a 7 day Helambu Trek. We loved it and had always wanted to return and do the Langtang Trek which is reckoned to be one of the best for birdwatching and wildlife in general…

2010 [03 March] - Suchit Basnet


…We also came across a small flock of Black-faced warblers, Black-throated Tits, and Fire-breasted Flowerpecker amongst others. After a picnic lunch, we walked further down for about 2 and half hours before driving back to the hotel…

2010 [04 April] - Oscar Campbell


…It is also worth trying the nearby Damside Park for some forest edge birding. Species logged here but not further up into the hills, apart from the predictable egrets and the odd wader, included Khalij Pheasant (easy along the lake shore early am), Fulvous-breasted and Grey-headed Woodpeckers (woodpeckers were actually amazingly scarce, or at least hard to pin down on the trek), Blue-throated Barbet, Dusky Warbler and Taiga Flycatcher…

2012 [01 January] - Mark D. Read & Terri-Lynn Brennan


Our budget trip to Pokhara was planned as a break from Dhangadhi, in the Far-West Terai region of Nepal, where we have been working for the last 6 months…

2013 [03 March] - Jim Rose


…The locals had more than one way to cross the river. I imagine the river would be difficult to cross in boats during the monsoon season. A long way to the local shops!…

2013 [03 March] - Richard Coomber & Hem Sagar Baral - Chitwan, Koshi & Phulchowki

Report PDF

…We still had to go through security and as luck would have it we followed a very large party from China. However there was still time to stroll along to the departure gate birding whenever the possibility arose. The list included White-breasted Waterhen, Brown Rock Chat, Jungle Babbler, Red-vented Bulbul and Purple Sunbird – quite respectable…

2013 [04 April] - Ann Gifford

Report PDF

..Anyway, we thought it a good omen when we stopped fairly early on to observe a Red-headed Vulture – massive with very striking features and after we had gained more height we stopped in a village and decided to climb up the hillside…

2013 [04 April] - Pete Aley - Langtang & Chitwan


…We arrived at Hotel Trekker’s Inn in Syabru Besi and watched a Blue Whistling Thrush (subsequently commonly seen) and some Long-tailed Shrikes from the balcony, before the festival ended and it was safe to venture out along the river! Here we saw the first of many beautiful White-capped and Plumbeous Water Redstarts of the trip, had prolonged views of a Wallcreeper on the rock face and glimpsed a Crested Kingfisher. Other sightings included: Grey Treepie, Black-throated Tit, Himalayan Bulbuls, Striated Prinias, and Grey-hooded Warblers….

2014 [03 March] - Simon Harrap

PDF Report

…Highlights included seven species of vulture, including Slender-billed and India (both Critically Endangered), Indian Spotted Eagle, Swamp Francolin, Ibisbill, Indian Courser, Indian Eagle Owl, White-tailed Stonechat, Grey-crowned Prinia, Rufous-rumped Grassbird, Slender-billed Babbler and good views of Nepal’s only endemic, Spiny Babbler. We also saw lots of other sought-after species, often because they are in general decline but are holding their own in Nepal (or the Indian Subcontinent generally): Lesser Adjutant, Indian Black Ibis, Bar-headed Goose, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, White-eyed Buzzard, a flock of 20 Grey-headed Lapwings, Blue- bearded Bee-eater, up to 20 Great Pied Hornbills, Bay Woodpecker, Himalayan Flameback, Scaly Thrush, Himalayan Red- flanked Bluetail, Siberian Rubythroat, Rufous-necked Laughingthrush, Chestnut-headed and Grey-bellied Tesias, Smoky Leaf Warbler, Spot-winged Starling and a flock of around ten Black-headed Jays….

2015 [03 March] - Carol Inskipp - Chitwan National Park & Buffer Zone

Report PDF

Annotated list only

2015 [12 December] - Aseem Kothiala


Birding in Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Dudhwa National Park and Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve...

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Camp


Koshi Tappu Wildlife Camp, set up in 1993, was the first luxury camp in this wildlife Reserve. It was set up primarily for bird watchers. The Camp is ideal for all nature lovers seeking peace within a paradise of nature.

Other Links

Birding Nepal


I've been to Nepal lots of times but only in recent years as a birder, so I re-visited places to see whay kind of birdlife I had missed. It's hard to choose between Annapurna and Langtang for birding.

Birding Nepal


This area was good for Olive-backed Pipit, Blue-throated Barbet and Fire-breasted Flowerpecker. After the flight to Biritnagar we travelled by road along flat agricultural land to the Kosi Tappu Game Reserve near the Kosi Barrage, a major irrigation project…