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Republic of the Marshall Islands

Fleshy-footed Shearwater Puffinus carneipes ©Ian Montgomery Website

The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), is a Micronesian nation of islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, just west of the International Date Line and just north of the Equator. This nation of roughly 60,000 persons is located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia, and south of the U.S. territory of Wake Island, to which it lays claim.

The country consists of 29 atolls and 5 isolated islands. The most important atolls and islands form two groups: the Ratak Chain and the Ralik Chain (meaning 'sunrise' and 'sunset' chains). The Marshall Islands also lays claim to Wake Island, administered by the United States, under the name Enen-kio.

The uninhabited atolls are: Ailinginae Atoll, Bikar (Bikaar) Atoll, Bikini Atoll, Bokak Atoll, Erikub Atoll, Jemo Island, Nadikdik Atoll, Rongerik Atoll, Toke Atoll, Ujelang Atoll.

A majority of the islands' land mass is at sea level.

The climate is hot and humid, with a wet season from May to November. The islands occasionally suffer from typhoons. Many Pacific typhoons start in the Marshall Islands region and grow stronger as they move west toward the Mariana Islands and the Philippines.



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 84


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

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Useful Reading

Living Atolls Amidst the Living Sea

The National Biodiversity Report of the Republic of the Marshall Islands by The National Biodiversity Team of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. St. Hildegard Publisher 2000 ISBN: 9829045021

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Traveler's Roost

Tour Operator

Birding Tour of Micronesia

Trip Reports

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Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

1997 [12 December] - Daphne Gemmill


My destination was the Republic of Palau, 470 miles east of the Philippines. Palau includes over 200 islands totaling 200 square miles scattered from north to south for 125 miles. The majority of the islands are within a single barrier reef. The thickly vegetated high island of Babeldaob is the largest island in Micronesia after Guam. The population is approximately 18,000…

Other Links

BirdLife EBA Factsheet


Lying c.500 km east of the Caroline Islands (EBA 192), the Marshall Islands are an archipelago of 31 coral atolls strung out in two chains and totalling 181 km2 in area (Ralik and Ratak)…

Birds of the Marshall Islands


Republic of the Marshall islands Biodiversity Clearing House…

List of birds of the Marshall Islands


This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Marshall Islands. The avifauna of the Marshall Islands includes a total of 84 species, of which 1 has been introduced by humans, and 4 are rare or accidental. 5 species are globally threatened…

Marshall Islands Ornithology


Eclectic Bibliography…