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Principality of Andorra

Tree Sparrow Passer montanus ©Andy Holt Website

Birding Andorra

Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, is a small landlocked country in western Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France. Once isolated, it is currently a prosperous country mainly because of tourism and its status as a tax haven. The people of Andorra are currently listed as having the second highest human life expectancy in the world, at an average of 82.67 years at birth (2008 est). Andorra is the sixth smallest nation in Europe, after Malta, Liechtenstein, San Marino, Monaco, and the Vatican City.

Due to its location in the eastern Pyrenees mountain range, Andorra consists predominantly of rugged mountains of an average height of 1,996 metres (6,549 ft) with the highest being the Coma Pedrosa at 2,946 metres (9,665 ft). These are dissected by three narrow valleys in a Y shape that combine into one as the main stream, the Valira river, leaves the country for Spain (at Andorra's lowest point of 870 m/2,854 ft). Andorra's surface area is 468 square kilometres (181 sq mi).

Andorra's climate is similar to that of its neighbours' temperate climates, but its higher altitude means there is, on average, more snow in winter and it is slightly cooler in summer.

Phytogeographically, Andorra belongs to the Atlantic European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Andorra belongs to the ecoregion of Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests.



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Number of Species

Number of bird species: 161

As at July 2018

Useful Reading

Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Andorra

Edited by Members of ADN | Associacio per a la Defensa de la Natura | 2002 | Paperback | 355 pages, Illustrations, distribution maps |

ISBN: 9992014334

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Birds of Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands

(Including North Catalonia, the Western Strip and Andorra) | By Joan Estrada, Francesc Jutglar, Toni Llobet François, Martí Rodríguez-Franch & Ilian Velikov | Lynx Edicions | 2018 | Paperback | 294 pages, 1033 colour illustrations, 323 colour distribution maps |

ISBN: 9788416728077

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Where to Watch Birds in Catalonia

(Including Barcelona, Costa Brava, Ebro Delta, Andorra and Pyrenees) | By J Del Hoyo & J. Sargatal | Lynx Edicions | 1989 | Paperback |

ISBN: 8487334008

Buy this book from NHBS.com


Andorra Sostenible


Campaign for a sustainable Andorra…

Associacio per a la Defensa de la Natura


Apartado de Correus Espanyols No 96, Andorra La Vella +376 84 3248 and@andorra.ad

L`Associació per a la Defensa de la Natura (ADN) va neixer l`any 1986 com a resultat de la preocupació d`un grup de persones pel medi ambient. És una organització que té com a objectius la protecció i l`estudi de la natura a Andorra…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2011 [07 July] - Bob Shiret


…There were no trip reports to Andorra found for the summer, I did purchase “A Bird watching Guide to The Pyrenees” by Jacquie Crozier which although only three pages were devoted to Andorra did give an idea of what wildlife might be expected…

2015 [05 May] - Jeff Hopkins - Catalunya, Andorra & Mallorca

PDF Report

At the end of May, I visited Spain and Andorra for what started out as a sightseeing trip, but ended up being a mostly birding trip. My original intent was to visit Barcelona for the first time and also to go to Andorra, mainly for the sake of adding another country to my list of places visited. But as I planned the trip, and researched the available birds of Spain, I found that I included more time for birding and less time for sightseeing.

Other Links

List of birds of Andorra


This is a list of the bird species recorded in Andorra. The avifauna of Andorra includes a total of 161 species, of which 1 have been introduced by humans, and 9 are rare or accidental.