Federal Republic of Germany
Germany is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres (137,988 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a very decentralized country. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen. The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Dresden, Bremen, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
Elevation ranges from the mountains of the Alps (highest point: the Zugspitze at 2,962 metres or 9,718 feet) in the south to the shores of the North Sea (Nordsee) in the northwest and the Baltic Sea (Ostsee) in the northeast. The forested uplands of central Germany and the lowlands of northern Germany (lowest point: Wilstermarsch at 3.54 metres or 11.6 feet below sea level) are traversed by such major rivers as the Rhine, Danube and Elbe. Germany's alpine glaciers are experiencing deglaciation. Most of Germany has a temperate seasonal climate dominated by humid westerly winds. The country is situated in between the oceanic Western European and the continental Eastern European climate. The climate is moderated by the North Atlantic Drift, the northern extension of the Gulf Stream. This warmer water affects the areas bordering the North Sea; consequently in the northwest and the north the climate is oceanic. Germany gets an average of 789 mm (31 in) of precipitation per year; there is no consistent dry season. Winters are cool and summers tend to be warm: temperatures can exceed 30 °C (86 °F).
Ornithology in Germany is a serious and very often professional business with very knowledgeable birders young and old. The general trend to an increase of interest in nature and the environment also holds true here, and the numbers of occasional birdwatchers is increasing all the time. But Germany has a long way to go until birding reaches the level of a Volkssport or national pastime as is the case in Holland and the UK.
The diverse landscape, and climate, offer a wide variety of birding from the paradise of the Wadden sea for ducks and waders, the woodland birds of the wide-ranging forests of Central Germany and the raptors and Mediterranean visitors of the Alps to the milder climes of Bavaria and Baden Wuerttemburg with the border inland sea of Lake Constance (Bodensee). The links below are arranged from the general to the particular: form the homepages of the larger nature organisation to local and private sites.
Anywhere in the Deutsch-Belgischer Naturpark in the Eiffel region South of Aachen and Cologne, especially the Ruhrsee just East of Heimbach is worth a visit. For example, in October it holds both Kites, 3 Buzzard species, Osprey and Storks all moving through and feeding/loafing about. The woods in and above the upper Ruhr valley south of Monschau are also very productive too.
Germany has 13 National Parks, 17 Biosphere reserves (some identical with national parks) and 18 Nature Parks or nature reserves.
Contributed a Top Site
Number of Species
Number of bird species: 519
(As at March 2019)
State Bird - Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web
Collins Bird Guide
Lars Svensson (Author), Peter J Grant (Contributor), Killian Mullarney (Illustrator), Dan Zetterström (Illustrator), David A Christie (Translated by) | Harper Collins | Paperback | Mar 2010 | 392 pages | 3500 colour illustrations | 700 colour distribution maps
ISBN: 9780007268146Buy this book from NHBS.com
Birdlife International Deutschland (NABU - Naturschutzbund Deutschland)
More protection for endangered habitats - Of all the wild animals, it is probably the birds that most people are particularly impressed with. But many are threatened: not only rare birds such as cranes or storks, even barn swallows or house sparrows are on the losing side when their habitat disappears. Learn more about the threat to our birdlife, the ways to save it, and, of course, to experience it!
BUND (Friends of the Earth - Society for Environment and Nature Protection in Germany
With branches at regional and local level throughout Germany
For German rarities - you have to join to get full directions etc. but without membership you get an overview and photos etc.
Committee against Bird Slaughter - Komitee gegen den Vogelmord e.V.
Hunters, poachers, bird catchers and pet traders are threatening our migratory birds everywhere along their migration routes. The Committee Against Bird Slaughter is campaigning for better protection of animals from persecution across Europe: with concrete actions on the ground, lobbying, research, public relations, expertise, legal proceedings and support from local conservation and animal protection groups, we protect the birds, where the authorities fail.
Deutscher Rat fur Vogelschutz
The purpose and statutory purpose of the DRV is the protection of bird life and its habitats on a scientific basis and the advocacy of animal welfare including the practical implementation of scientific knowledge in this area.
Federation of German Avifaunists (Dachverband Deutscher Avifaunisten e.V. - DDA)
The DDA is the union of all national and regional ornithological associations in Germany. It represents about 11,000 field ornithologists and birdwatchers.
German Ornithological Society - Deutsche Ornithologen-Gesellschaft (DO-G)
The German Ornithologist's Society (DO-G) is one of the world`s oldest existing scientific societies. The DO-G was founded in 1850. Its original goal - to support and further scientific ornithology on all levels - has remained unchanged…
Ornithologischen Arbeitsgemeinschaft Bodensee - Bodensee or Lake Constance
This Austrian/German/Swiss Working Group, consisting of field ornithologists, is primarily concerned with the analysis and preservation of the Bodensee/Lake Constance region. This includes regular stocktaking of breeding and visiting birds, the investigation of potential and actual threats and the execution of the resulting proposals.
World Wildlife Fund Germany
National Parks in Germany – Europarc Deutschland
A great central site with interactive map links to all the 13 National Parks, 17 Biosphere reserves (some identical with national parks) and 18 Nature Parks or nature reserves.
Nature Parks - Birding in Westhavelland / Die Vogelwelt des Naturparks Westhavelland
Home to hundreds of thousands of northern geese in winter and important staging area for waders and other waterfowl. A paradise for White Stork, and Black and Red Kite in summer. Healthy White-tailed Eagle population. Some of the last of the North European Great Bustard (Otis tarda) population can be found in the region (Displays on the leks at end of March).
Germany currently has 34 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), with a surface area of 868,226 hectares.
Forums & Mailing Lists
Guides & Tour Operators
Birding Berlin - Rolf Nessing
Rolf offers field trips getting to know the urban bird life within the city of Berlin, as well as full day trips in the immediate vicinity of Berlin or further afield. There are 46 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) around Berlin as well as one IBA in the city itself (as at 2003). He knows most of them like the back of his hand…
Why do more and more birders choose to travel with birdingtours? Because it is the German specialist for bird watching trips. Our qualified tour guides are ornithological experts with whom you enjoy a unique natural experience. With a group of like-minded people you will see more and learn more. Our trips are characterised by good organisation, good accommodation and local specialties...
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2010 [04 April] - John van der Woude - Northeast Germany
…A reconnaissance of Northeast Germany seemed appropiate enough, after our previous trips in this corner of Europe. We knew we were too early for some true summer birds, but on the other hand we would have late winter birds and, more importantly, more raptors in the air and woodpeckers in the trees…
2014 [10 October] - Johan Schaerlaeckens
2015 [08 August] - Julian Bell - Rhine Valley
Although this was essentially a non-birding holiday there were still quite a few birds to see. Along the river Black Kite were numerous and obviously feeding young - their calls were often the first sign of their presence and they were regularly seen fishing. Other notable sightings (at least for a birder from UK/Norway) included Bee eaters, a flock of Garganey, Black Terns, White Stork and a decent variety of raptors.
Bird Song Identification
The new Bestseller and standard work for learning to identify birds by their song! Bird song identification made easy! Quick audio-visual learning system…
Birder's Homepage - Rudy's Birding Page
Welcome to my homepage. This site is an information-page about everything that is linked to my favourite hobby: birdwatching! Surprisingly, even for me, that everything turned out to be mostly gulls!! So they deserve their own Gull-index. Which means my actual birding page is now pretty stagnant…
Birder's Homepage - - Meine Vogelstimmen
Bird calls & song and digitalfotos with wav-, mp3- und avi-files
Birder's Homepage - Allotments and Small Gardens
Record of the development of birdlife in an allotment area in Berlin and notes on the importance of perimeter areas.
In German only but easy to use for information and tips on the best birding spots in Bavaria, the Lake Constance area and the Upper Rhine. Also contains information on the most sought-after species in Germany (divided in to songbirds and others) such as Crag Martin, Alpine Accentor, Wall Creeper, Black Stork, Golden Eagle and many more.
Ornithos – An Ornithological Website
The topics of this website are: Trip Reports, Feather Collection, Bird Gallery…
Roland Fiala – Bird Songs of Europe
The bird songs of Europe…
Translation of Bird Names
On this site you can find recent reports of Bavarian birds and other topics - full, informative and colourful. And with links to other local and German sites - information in English
Alle Produkte werden speziell auf die Ansprüche wild lebender Kleintiere wie Vögel, Igel oder Fledermäuse hin entwickelt und regelmäßig von Ornithologen und Biologen analysiert und getestet…
Photographers & Artists
Artist - Christopher Schmidt
A brillaint wildlife illustrator - this site is well worth a lengthy surfing session! [Fatbirder]
Die Vogel Europas
Photographs of he Birds of Europe…
Illustrator - Gina Mikel
Wildlife artist and scientific illustrator…
Photographer - Günther Degenfelder
Excellent photographs including some from Norfolk in UK…
Photographer - Hans Schick
A Collection of Bird Pictures obtained by Digiscoping…
Photographer - Johannes Ferdinand - Bird Lens
Bird Lens | Images for Science & Public | Western Palaearctic & the World
Photographer - Thomas Plack
Some great bird photos on this growing site…
Photographer – Peter Hering - Vögel auf Föhr
Excellent bird photos from Germany…
Webcam - Free-Live
Our club has the purpose to give you an exciting view of the local world of animals. For this we use modern technologies and install internet livecams in places normally hidden from human views. The infrastructure is constantly developing…