Russia is the largest country in the world with its land covering 16,995,800 square kilometres and water covering an additional 79,400 square kilometres. The population in July 2005 was estimated at 143,420,309 persons. Russia consists of 89 separate administrative divisions.
The Climate ranges from dry steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; sub-arctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along the Arctic coast. The terrain consists of broad plains with low hills west of the Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along the southern border regions.
The country is contained entirely within the Palaearctic geographical region although Kamtschatka, in the extreme east, shows a close relationship with Northern Alaskan in its avifauna, the narrow Bering Sea hardly acting as an efficient barrier for bird movement.
The territory of Russia occupies a significant part of the Eurasian continents. A distinctive feature is the presence of many different natural habitats. It has extensive forests; mountains - Caucasus, Ural, Altai, Sayans; & tundra as well as swamps and lakes; rivers and seacoasts. The combination of different types of landscape and different combinations of habitat creates different fauna types, or faunal groups. These include European deciduous forest and semi-Mediterranean, Siberian taiga, Chinese, Japanese, Mongolian desert, Tibetan mountains and others.
However, despite its large territory the number of birdwatchers is small and they are concentrated around the Russian Bird Conservation Union and its regional branches. Professional ornithologists are concentrated in universities, reserves and research institutes.
There are a bewildring array of regions, districts, autonomous regions, city districts and opther political subdivisions in Russia. Rather than dedicate a birding page to each we have chosen to split the huge landmass into several super-regions which have similar climates, avifaunal habitats and so forth. Over the coming months information will appear for each region…
Number of Species
Number of bird species: 720
Number of endemics: 1
Siberian Grouse Falcipennis falcipennis
Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web
A Field Guide to the Birds of Russia and Adjacent Territories
VE Flint et al - Pensoft 2000 ISBN: 5940180035 Out of Print
Where to Watch Birds in Europe & Russia
Nigel Wheatly Paperback - 416 pages (28 April, 2000) Christopher Helm
ISBN: 0713648708Buy this book from NHBS.com
Arctic Breeding Birds Survey
The survey developed from and primarily depends on voluntarily contribution of Arctic researchers willing to share their observations on bird breeding performance with view of creating general picture in a cooperative effort. If you require further information or have any comments on the project or site contents please contact project co-ordinators:
Mikhail Soloviev, Dept. of Vertebrate Zoology, Biological Faculty, Moscow State Univ., Moscow 119899 Russia Phone: +7 095 9394424 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Pavel Tomkovich, Zoological Museum, Moscow State University, Bolshaya Nikitskaya Str., 6, Moscow 103009, Russia Phone: +7 095 2034366, Fax: +7 095 2032717 e-mail: email@example.com
Coordinator: Coming soon!
Members: 2 Join us at http://proaction.tripod.com/
RBCU - Russian Bird Conservation Union
Shosse Entuziastoy 60, Building 1, Moscow 111123. + 7 095 1761063; firstname.lastname@example.org
RBCU) was established on7 February 1993. Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU) is a non-governmental public organization which activity is focused on informing, education and joining wide circles of people to the protection of Russian bird diversity…
RRRCN - Russian Raptor Research & Conservation Network
Russian Raptor Research and Conservation Network is a non-governmental association of ornithologists, birdwatchers, ornithological and environmental organizations, which in cooperation seek to learn the birds of prey and owls that live in the vast territory of Russia and neighboring countries and promote their conservation. Anybody, who is interesting to observe birds of prey, any organization, whose activities are connected with the study and conservation of raptors, may become a member of the Network…
Working Group on Anseriformes
Contact person: Evgeny Syroechkovski, Jr. E-mail: email@example.com
Working Group on Raptors and Owls
Abbreviations Key: See the appropriate Continent Page (or Country Page of those used on country sub-divisions)
Russian National Parks
Linka and write-ups on a number of parks…
The convention entered into force in the Russian Federation on 11 February 1977. The Russian Federation currently has 35 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), with a surface area of 10,323,767 hectares.
Guides & Tour Operators
CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.
2014 [09 September] - Vincent van der Spek - Lithuania & Kaliningrad
...The Curonian Spit, shared by Lithuania and the Russian enclave Kaliningrad, is a great destination for every one interested in visible migration. Every year millions of migrants pass this 97 km long spit, that is nowhere over 3,6 km wide. In September 2014 my Waternet colleague Luc Geelen and I attendend a Coastal and Marine (EUCC) conference at Klaipėda University, Lithuania....
State Darwin Museum of Natural History - Moscow
The museum has an extensive bird collection.
The Russian State Museum of Arctic and Antarctic
In November 1930 the museum was founded by the order of the Soviet Government as a Department of the Arctic Research Institute called the Arctic Museum, based on exhibits and material of Polar Exhibitions which were held in Leningrad, Moscow, Arkhangelsk during 1923.
Marata 24a, The Russian State museum of Arctic and Antarctic, St.Petersburg, Russia, 191040 Phone: +7 812 1131998. Fax: +7 812 1646818. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Director: Dr. Victor I. Boyarsky
Zoological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Zoological Museum includes collection of Russian birds…
Bird Year Bird Chuvashia
Birds and People
Birding in Russia, birder's club [in Russian]…
Indian Birds Club
The site of Indian Birds fans from Russia...
Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences - History of Ornithology
The most important basis for the research done at the Department of Ornithology is its rich collection obtained due to hard effort of many generations of zoologists. These are bird skins, alcohol specimens, skeletal and paleontological materials. The richness, diversity and completeness of the Department’s collection is the highest in Russia and one of the highest in Europe.
Photographers & Artists
Library - Russian Wildlife Photograph Library
Lots of excellent images…