Fatbirder - linking birders worldwide... Wildlife Travellers see our sister site: WAND

Russian Federation

Common Crane Grus grus ©Arto Juvonen Website

Russia is the largest country in the world with its land covering 16,995,800 square kilometres and water covering an additional 79,400 square kilometres. The population in July 2005 was estimated at 143,420,309 persons. Russia consists of 89 separate administrative divisions.

The Climate ranges from dry steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; sub-arctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along the Arctic coast. The terrain consists of broad plains with low hills west of the Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along the southern border regions.

The country is contained entirely within the Palaearctic geographical region although Kamtschatka, in the extreme east, shows a close relationship with Northern Alaskan in its avifauna, the narrow Bering Sea hardly acting as an efficient barrier for bird movement.

The territory of Russia occupies a significant part of the Eurasian continents. A distinctive feature is the presence of many different natural habitats. It has extensive forests; mountains - Caucasus, Ural, Altai, Sayans; & tundra as well as swamps and lakes; rivers and seacoasts. The combination of different types of landscape and different combinations of habitat creates different fauna types, or faunal groups. These include European deciduous forest and semi-Mediterranean, Siberian taiga, Chinese, Japanese, Mongolian desert, Tibetan mountains and others.

However, despite its large territory the number of birdwatchers is small and they are concentrated around the Russian Bird Conservation Union and its regional branches. Professional ornithologists are concentrated in universities, reserves and research institutes.

There are a bewildring array of regions, districts, autonomous regions, city districts and opther political subdivisions in Russia. Rather than dedicate a birding page to each we have chosen to split the huge landmass into several super-regions which have similar climates, avifaunal habitats and so forth. Over the coming months information will appear for each region…


Andrey N. Baykalov

Webmaster - Birds of Central Siberia



Number of Species

Number of bird species: 720


Number of endemics: 1

Siberian Grouse Falcipennis falcipennis


iGoTerra Checklist

iGoTerra Checklist

Fatbirder Associate iGoTerra offers the most comprehensive and up to date birds lists on the web

Useful Reading

A Field Guide to the Birds of Russia and Adjacent Territories

VE Flint et al - Pensoft 2000 ISBN: 5940180035 Out of Print

Where to Watch Birds in Europe & Russia

Nigel Wheatly Paperback - 416 pages (28 April, 2000) Christopher Helm

ISBN: 0713648708

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

Arctic Breeding Birds Survey

The survey developed from and primarily depends on voluntarily contribution of Arctic researchers willing to share their observations on bird breeding performance with view of creating general picture in a cooperative effort. If you require further information or have any comments on the project or site contents please contact project co-ordinators:
Mikhail Soloviev, Dept. of Vertebrate Zoology, Biological Faculty, Moscow State Univ., Moscow 119899 Russia Phone: +7 095 9394424 e-mail: soloviev@soil.msu.ru
Pavel Tomkovich, Zoological Museum, Moscow State University, Bolshaya Nikitskaya Str., 6, Moscow 103009, Russia Phone: +7 095 2034366, Fax: +7 095 2032717 e-mail: tomkovic@1.zoomus.bio.msu.ru


Coordinator: Coming soon!
Members: 2 Join us at http://proaction.tripod.com/


RBCU - Russian Bird Conservation Union


Shosse Entuziastoy 60, Building 1, Moscow 111123. + 7 095 1761063; rbcu@online.ru
RBCU) was established on7 February 1993. Russian Bird Conservation Union (RBCU) is a non-governmental public organization which activity is focused on informing, education and joining wide circles of people to the protection of Russian bird diversity…

RRRCN - Russian Raptor Research & Conservation Network


Russian Raptor Research and Conservation Network is a non-governmental association of ornithologists, birdwatchers, ornithological and environmental organizations, which in cooperation seek to learn the birds of prey and owls that live in the vast territory of Russia and neighboring countries and promote their conservation. Anybody, who is interesting to observe birds of prey, any organization, whose activities are connected with the study and conservation of raptors, may become a member of the Network…

Working Group on Anseriformes

Contact person: Evgeny Syroechkovski, Jr. E-mail: rgg@eesjr.msk.ru

Working Group on Raptors and Owls


In Russian


Abbreviations Key

Russian National Parks


Linka and write-ups on a number of parks…



The convention entered into force in the Russian Federation on 11 February 1977. The Russian Federation currently has 35 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), with a surface area of 10,323,767 hectares.

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Pal


Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Ecological Travel Centre

Tour Operator

Birdwatching Tours in various parts of European and Asia Russia and Siberia…

Trip Reports

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…


Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2014 [09 September] - Vincent van der Spek - Lithuania & Kaliningrad

PDF Report

...The Curonian Spit, shared by Lithuania and the Russian enclave Kaliningrad, is a great destination for every one interested in visible migration. Every year millions of migrants pass this 97 km long spit, that is nowhere over 3,6 km wide. In September 2014 my Waternet colleague Luc Geelen and I attendend a Coastal and Marine (EUCC) conference at Klaipėda University, Lithuania....


State Darwin Museum of Natural History - Moscow


The museum has an extensive bird collection.

The Russian State Museum of Arctic and Antarctic


In November 1930 the museum was founded by the order of the Soviet Government as a Department of the Arctic Research Institute called the Arctic Museum, based on exhibits and material of Polar Exhibitions which were held in Leningrad, Moscow, Arkhangelsk during 1923.
Marata 24a, The Russian State museum of Arctic and Antarctic, St.Petersburg, Russia, 191040 Phone: +7 812 1131998. Fax: +7 812 1646818. E-mail: vicaar@mail.wplus.net Director: Dr. Victor I. Boyarsky

Zoological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Zoological Museum includes collection of Russian birds…

Other Links

Bird Year Bird Chuvashia


Birds and People


Birding in Russia, birder's club [in Russian]…

Indian Birds Club


The site of Indian Birds fans from Russia...

Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences - History of Ornithology


The most important basis for the research done at the Department of Ornithology is its rich collection obtained due to hard effort of many generations of zoologists. These are bird skins, alcohol specimens, skeletal and paleontological materials. The richness, diversity and completeness of the Department’s collection is the highest in Russia and one of the highest in Europe.

Photographers & Artists

Library - Russian Wildlife Photograph Library


Lots of excellent images…